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DBMS > Amazon Redshift vs. Blazegraph vs. FoundationDB vs. MarkLogic vs. MonetDB

System Properties Comparison Amazon Redshift vs. Blazegraph vs. FoundationDB vs. MarkLogic vs. MonetDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonBlazegraph  Xexclude from comparisonFoundationDB  Xexclude from comparisonMarkLogic  Xexclude from comparisonMonetDB  Xexclude from comparison
Amazon has acquired Blazegraph's domain and (probably) product. It is said that Amazon Neptune is based on Blazegraph.Created as commercial project in 2013, FoundationDB has been acquired by Apple in March 2015 and was withdrawn from the market. As a consequence, the product was removed from the DB-Engines ranking. In April 2018, Apple open-sourced FoundationDB and it therefore reappears in the ranking.
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsHigh-performance graph database supporting Semantic Web (RDF/SPARQL) and Graph Database (tinkerpop3, blueprints, vertex-centric) APIs with scale-out and High Availability.Ordered key-value store. Core features are complimented by layers.Operational and transactional Enterprise NoSQL databaseA relational database management system that stores data in columns
Primary database modelRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
Document store infosupported via specific layer
Key-value store
Relational DBMS infosupported via specific SQL-layer
Document store
Native XML DBMS
RDF store infoas of version 7
Search engine
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score20.27
Rank#31  Overall
#18  Relational DBMS
Score0.64
Rank#189  Overall
#15  Graph DBMS
#8  RDF stores
Score0.70
Rank#177  Overall
#26  Document stores
#31  Key-value stores
#87  Relational DBMS
Score10.96
Rank#40  Overall
#7  Document stores
#1  Native XML DBMS
#1  RDF stores
#4  Search engines
Score1.71
Rank#120  Overall
#58  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­redshiftblazegraph.comwww.foundationdb.orgwww.marklogic.comwww.monetdb.org
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftwiki.blazegraph.comapple.github.io/­foundationdbdocs.marklogic.comwww.monetdb.org/­Documentation
DeveloperAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)BlazegraphFoundationDBMarkLogic Corp.MonetDB BV
Initial release20122006201320012004
Current release2.1.5, March 20196.2.11, November 20199.0, 2017Nov2019-SP1, December 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoextended commercial license availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoMozilla Public License 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCJavaC++C++C
Server operating systemshostedLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-freeschema-free infosome layers support schemasschema-free infoSchema can be enforcedyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infoRDF literal typesno infosome layers support typingyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes
Secondary indexesrestrictedyesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardSPARQL is used as query languagesupported in specific SQL layer onlyyes infoSQL92yes infoSQL 2003 with some extensions
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
Java API
RESTful HTTP API
SPARQL QUERY
SPARQL UPDATE
TinkerPop 3
Java API
Node.js Client API
ODBC
proprietary Optic API infoProprietary Query API, introduced with version 9
RESTful HTTP API
SPARQL
WebDAV
XDBC
XQuery
XSLT
JDBC
native C library infoMAPI library (MonetDB application programming interface)
ODBC
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBC.Net
C
C++
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Swift
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin Pythonyesin SQL-layer onlyyes infovia XQuery or JavaScriptyes, in SQL, C, R
Triggersnononoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingShardingShardingSharding via remote tables
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesyesyesyesnone infoMaster-slave replication available in experimental status
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononoyes infovia Hadoop Connector, HDFS Direct Access and in-database MapReduce jobsno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configurationLinearizable consistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemyes infoRelationships in Graphsin SQL-layer onlynoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACID infocan act as a resource manager in an XA/JTA transactionACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes, with Range Indexes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardSecurity and Authentication via Web Application Container (Tomcat, Jetty)noRole-based access control at the document and subdocument levelsfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon RedshiftBlazegraphFoundationDBMarkLogicMonetDB
Specific characteristicsThe MarkLogic Multi-Model Database provides the simplest way to integrate data from...
» more
Column-store In-memory optimized GeoSpatial support JSON document support
» more
Competitive advantagesThe main benefit of MarkLogic is simplicity. By making things simpler, MarkLogic...
» more
Scalable architecture - vertical data organization and in-memory optimization guarantee...
» more
Typical application scenariosMarkLogic’s main use case is the Operational Data Hub . A Data Hub is useful for...
» more
Analytical database, Data warehouse, OLAP Data mining Scientific database
» more
Key customersMarkLogic has proven results managing mission-critical data with over 1,000 global...
» more
Numascale , Spinque , SecurActive , CHS , NOZHUP
» more
Market metricsMarkLogic is well known within the Fortune 1000, with a strong presence in financial...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsMarkLogic provides a variety of licenses and cloud services: MarkLogic Data Hub Service...
» more
Free and open-source software, Mozilla Public License 2.0 Commercial support available
» more
News

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29 August 2016

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SQL:2003 merge statements now supported in MonetDB
8 March 2019

Extended SQL:2011 Window Functions in MonetDB
26 February 2019

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26 February 2019

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More resources
Amazon RedshiftBlazegraphFoundationDBMarkLogicMonetDB
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