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DBMS > Amazon Redshift vs. Blazegraph vs. FoundationDB vs. MariaDB vs. MonetDB

System Properties Comparison Amazon Redshift vs. Blazegraph vs. FoundationDB vs. MariaDB vs. MonetDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonBlazegraph  Xexclude from comparisonFoundationDB  Xexclude from comparisonMariaDB  Xexclude from comparisonMonetDB  Xexclude from comparison
Amazon has acquired Blazegraph's domain and (probably) product. It is said that Amazon Neptune is based on Blazegraph.Created as commercial project in 2013, FoundationDB has been acquired by Apple in March 2015 and was withdrawn from the market. As a consequence, the product was removed from the DB-Engines ranking. In April 2018, Apple open-sourced FoundationDB and it therefore reappears in the ranking.
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsHigh-performance graph database supporting Semantic Web (RDF/SPARQL) and Graph Database (tinkerpop3, blueprints, vertex-centric) APIs with scale-out and High Availability.Ordered key-value store. Core features are complimented by layers.MySQL application compatible open source RDBMS, enhanced with high availability, security, interoperability and performance capabilities. MariaDB ColumnStore provides a column-oriented storage engine and MariaDB Xpand supports distributed SQL.A relational database management system that stores data in columns
Primary database modelRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
Document store infosupported via specific layer
Key-value store
Relational DBMS infosupported via specific SQL-layer
Relational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith OQGraph storage engine
Document store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score21.72
Rank#31  Overall
#18  Relational DBMS
Score0.87
Rank#181  Overall
#16  Graph DBMS
#8  RDF stores
Score0.99
Rank#169  Overall
#28  Document stores
#28  Key-value stores
#87  Relational DBMS
Score93.89
Rank#12  Overall
#8  Relational DBMS
Score2.04
Rank#120  Overall
#60  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­redshiftblazegraph.comwww.foundationdb.orgmariadb.com infoSite of MariaDB Corporation
mariadb.org infoSite of MariaDB Foundation
www.monetdb.org
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftwiki.blazegraph.comapple.github.io/­foundationdbmariadb.com/­kb/­en/­librarywww.monetdb.org/­Documentation
DeveloperAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)BlazegraphFoundationDBMariaDB Corporation Ab (MariaDB Enterprise),
MariaDB Foundation (community MariaDB Server) infoThe lead developer Monty Widenius is the original author of MySQL
MonetDB BV
Initial release20122006201320092004
Current release2.1.5, March 20196.2.28, November 202010.5.8 , November 2020Oct2020-SP2, January 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoextended commercial license availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoGPL version 2, commercial enterprise subscription availableOpen Source infoMozilla Public License 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
SkySQL (The Ultimate MariaDB Cloud): The first and only DBaaS to bring the full power of MariaDB Platform to the cloud, combining powerful enterprise features and world-class support with unrivaled ease of use and groundbreaking innovation.
Implementation languageCJavaC++C and C++C
Server operating systemshostedLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
Solaris
Windows infoColumnStore storage engine not available on Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-freeschema-free infosome layers support schemasyes infoDynamic columns are supportedyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infoRDF literal typesno infosome layers support typingyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes
Secondary indexesrestrictedyesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardSPARQL is used as query languagesupported in specific SQL layer onlyyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes infoSQL 2003 with some extensions
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
Java API
RESTful HTTP API
SPARQL QUERY
SPARQL UPDATE
TinkerPop 3
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
JDBC
native C library infoMAPI library (MonetDB application programming interface)
ODBC
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBC.Net
C
C++
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Swift
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
C
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin Pythonyesin SQL-layer onlyyes infoPL/SQL compatibility added with version 10.3yes, in SQL, C, R
Triggersnononoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingShardingseveral options for horizontal partitioning and ShardingSharding via remote tables
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesyesyesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
none infoSource-replica replication available in experimental status
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configurationLinearizable consistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemyes infoRelationships in Graphsin SQL-layer onlyyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infonot for in-memory storage engineyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes infowith MEMORY storage engine
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardSecurity and Authentication via Web Application Container (Tomcat, Jetty)nofine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon RedshiftBlazegraphFoundationDBMariaDBMonetDB
Specific characteristicsMariaDB is the most powerful open source relational database – modern SQL and JSON...
» more
Column-store In-memory optimized GeoSpatial support JSON document support
» more
Competitive advantagesMariaDB has many features unavailable in other open source relational databases....
» more
Scalable architecture - vertical data organization and in-memory optimization guarantee...
» more
Typical application scenariosWeb, SaaS and Cloud operational/transactional applications that require high availability,...
» more
Analytical database, Data warehouse, OLAP Data mining Scientific database
» more
Key customersDeutsche Bank, DBS Bank, Nasdaq, Red Hat, ServiceNow, Verizon and Walgreens Featured...
» more
Numascale , Spinque , SecurActive , CHS , NOZHUP
» more
Market metricsMariaDB is the default database in the LAMP stack supplied by Red Hat and SUSE Linux,...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsFree and open-source software, Mozilla Public License 2.0 Commercial support available
» more
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