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DBMS > Amazon Redshift vs. Blazegraph vs. FoundationDB vs. Grakn vs. MonetDB

System Properties Comparison Amazon Redshift vs. Blazegraph vs. FoundationDB vs. Grakn vs. MonetDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonBlazegraph  Xexclude from comparisonFoundationDB  Xexclude from comparisonGrakn  Xexclude from comparisonMonetDB  Xexclude from comparison
Amazon has acquired Blazegraph's domain and (probably) product. It is said that Amazon Neptune is based on Blazegraph.Created as commercial project in 2013, FoundationDB has been acquired by Apple in March 2015 and was withdrawn from the market. As a consequence, the product was removed from the DB-Engines ranking. In April 2018, Apple open-sourced FoundationDB and it therefore reappears in the ranking.
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsHigh-performance graph database supporting Semantic Web (RDF/SPARQL) and Graph Database (tinkerpop3, blueprints, vertex-centric) APIs with scale-out and High Availability.Ordered key-value store. Core features are complimented by layers.Grakn is a distributed, hyper-relational database for managing complex data that serves as a knowledge base for cognitive/AI systems.A relational database management system that stores data in columns
Primary database modelRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
Document store infosupported via specific layer
Key-value store
Relational DBMS infosupported via specific SQL-layer
Graph DBMS
Relational DBMS infoOften described as a 'hyper-relational' database, since it implements the 'Entity-Relationship Paradigm' to manage complex data structures and ontologies.
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score21.24
Rank#29  Overall
#17  Relational DBMS
Score0.67
Rank#189  Overall
#15  Graph DBMS
#8  RDF stores
Score0.91
Rank#160  Overall
#24  Document stores
#29  Key-value stores
#78  Relational DBMS
Score0.59
Rank#199  Overall
#16  Graph DBMS
#97  Relational DBMS
Score1.77
Rank#123  Overall
#61  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­redshiftblazegraph.comwww.foundationdb.orggrakn.aiwww.monetdb.org
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftwiki.blazegraph.comapple.github.io/­foundationdbdev.grakn.ai/­docswww.monetdb.org/­Documentation
DeveloperAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)BlazegraphFoundationDBGrakn LabsMonetDB BV
Initial release20122006201320162004
Current release2.1.5, March 20196.2.11, November 20191.7.2, June 2020Nov2019-SP1, December 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoextended commercial license availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoGPL Version 3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoMozilla Public License 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCJavaC++JavaC
Server operating systemshostedLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-freeschema-free infosome layers support schemasyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infoRDF literal typesno infosome layers support typingyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesrestrictedyesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardSPARQL is used as query languagesupported in specific SQL layer onlynoyes infoSQL 2003 with some extensions
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
Java API
RESTful HTTP API
SPARQL QUERY
SPARQL UPDATE
TinkerPop 3
console (shell)
gRPC protocol
Workbase (visualisation software)
JDBC
native C library infoMAPI library (MonetDB application programming interface)
ODBC
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBC.Net
C
C++
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Swift
All JVM based languages
Groovy
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Scala
C
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin Pythonyesin SQL-layer onlynoyes, in SQL, C, R
Triggersnonononoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingShardingSharding infoby using CassandraSharding via remote tables
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesyesyesMaster-master replication infoby using Cassandranone infoMaster-slave replication available in experimental status
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononoyes infoby using Apache Kafka and Apache Zookeeperno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configurationLinearizable consistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemyes infoRelationships in Graphsin SQL-layer onlyno infosubstituted by the relationship featureyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardSecurity and Authentication via Web Application Container (Tomcat, Jetty)noyes infoat REST API level; other APIs in progressfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon RedshiftBlazegraphFoundationDBGraknMonetDB
Specific characteristicsGrakn is the knowledge graph to organise complex networks of data and making it queryable,...
» more
Column-store In-memory optimized GeoSpatial support JSON document support
» more
Competitive advantagesExpressive and flexible data model: The meta-schema of Grakn allows for modelling...
» more
Scalable architecture - vertical data organization and in-memory optimization guarantee...
» more
Typical application scenariosLife sciences : Grakn makes working with biological data much easier and accelerates...
» more
Analytical database, Data warehouse, OLAP Data mining Scientific database
» more
Key customersNumascale , Spinque , SecurActive , CHS , NOZHUP
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsAGPL and Commercial . The commercial license is priced based on cluster resources...
» more
Free and open-source software, Mozilla Public License 2.0 Commercial support available
» more
News

Blazegraph 2.1.4 Release
29 August 2016

Blazegraph 2.1.2 Release
18 June 2016

Blazegraph 2.1.1 Release!
9 June 2016

Blazegraph 2.1.0 Release!
8 April 2016

Blazegraph 2.0.0 Release!
22 December 2015

Comparing Graql to SQL — Part 2/2
18 April 2020

Comparing Graql to SQL — Part 1/2
18 April 2020

Grakn Cosmos 2020: A Recap
25 February 2020

Moving from Slack to Discord
14 February 2020

Setting up a knowledge base to encode domain knowledge for Rasa
14 August 2019

Optimistic Concurrency Control in MonetDB
3 January 2020

Limit memory usage of MonetDB on Linux with CGROUPS
9 May 2019

SQL:2003 merge statements now supported in MonetDB
8 March 2019

Extended SQL:2011 Window Functions in MonetDB
26 February 2019

Updatable MERGE TABLEs with partition predicates
26 February 2019

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More resources
Amazon RedshiftBlazegraphFoundationDBGraknMonetDB
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