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DBMS > Amazon Redshift vs. Blazegraph vs. Elasticsearch vs. FoundationDB vs. MonetDB

System Properties Comparison Amazon Redshift vs. Blazegraph vs. Elasticsearch vs. FoundationDB vs. MonetDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonBlazegraph  Xexclude from comparisonElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonFoundationDB  Xexclude from comparisonMonetDB  Xexclude from comparison
Amazon has acquired Blazegraph's domain and (probably) product. It is said that Amazon Neptune is based on Blazegraph.Created as commercial project in 2013, FoundationDB has been acquired by Apple in March 2015 and was withdrawn from the market. As a consequence, the product was removed from the DB-Engines ranking. In April 2018, Apple open-sourced FoundationDB and it therefore reappears in the ranking.
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsHigh-performance graph database supporting Semantic Web (RDF/SPARQL) and Graph Database (tinkerpop3, blueprints, vertex-centric) APIs with scale-out and High Availability.A distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricOrdered key-value store. Core features are complimented by layers.A relational database management system that stores data in columns
Primary database modelRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
Search engineDocument store infosupported via specific layer
Key-value store
Relational DBMS infosupported via specific SQL-layer
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score20.27
Rank#31  Overall
#18  Relational DBMS
Score0.64
Rank#189  Overall
#15  Graph DBMS
#8  RDF stores
Score149.13
Rank#7  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score0.70
Rank#177  Overall
#26  Document stores
#31  Key-value stores
#87  Relational DBMS
Score1.71
Rank#120  Overall
#58  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­redshiftblazegraph.comwww.elastic.co/­elasticsearchwww.foundationdb.orgwww.monetdb.org
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftwiki.blazegraph.comwww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmlapple.github.io/­foundationdbwww.monetdb.org/­Documentation
DeveloperAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)BlazegraphElasticFoundationDBMonetDB BV
Initial release20122006201020132004
Current release2.1.5, March 20197.7.0, May 20206.2.11, November 2019Nov2019-SP1, December 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoextended commercial license availableOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Elastic LicenseOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoMozilla Public License 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Elasticsearch Service on Elastic Cloud: Try out the official hosted Elasticsearch and Kibana offering available on AWS, GCP and Azure that's powered by the creators of Elasticsearch.
Implementation languageCJavaJavaC++C
Server operating systemshostedLinux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VMLinux
OS X
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-freeschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentschema-free infosome layers support schemasyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infoRDF literal typesyesno infosome layers support typingyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesrestrictedyesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexednoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardSPARQL is used as query languageSQL-like query languagesupported in specific SQL layer onlyyes infoSQL 2003 with some extensions
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
Java API
RESTful HTTP API
SPARQL QUERY
SPARQL UPDATE
TinkerPop 3
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
JDBC
native C library infoMAPI library (MonetDB application programming interface)
ODBC
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBC.Net
C
C++
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Swift
C
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin Pythonyesyesin SQL-layer onlyyes, in SQL, C, R
Triggersnonoyes infoby using the 'percolation' featurenoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingShardingShardingSharding via remote tables
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesyesyesyesnone infoMaster-slave replication available in experimental status
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoES-Hadoop Connectornono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configurationEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allLinearizable consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemyes infoRelationships in Graphsnoin SQL-layer onlyyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDnoACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesMemcached and Redis integration
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardSecurity and Authentication via Web Application Container (Tomcat, Jetty)nofine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon RedshiftBlazegraphElasticsearchFoundationDBMonetDB
Specific characteristicsElasticsearch is a highly scalable open source full-text search and analytics engine....
» more
Column-store In-memory optimized GeoSpatial support JSON document support
» more
Competitive advantagesOpen source, real-time index, search and analysis, horizontally scalable, distributed,...
» more
Scalable architecture - vertical data organization and in-memory optimization guarantee...
» more
Typical application scenariosSearch, logging, security, metrics, maps and business analytics use cases.
» more
Analytical database, Data warehouse, OLAP Data mining Scientific database
» more
Key customers
» more
Numascale , Spinque , SecurActive , CHS , NOZHUP
» more
Market metricsMore than 400 million cumulative downloads More than 100,000 community members in...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsThe Elastic Stack (Elasticsearch, Kibana, Beats, and Logstash) is free and open source...
» more
Free and open-source software, Mozilla Public License 2.0 Commercial support available
» more
News

Blazegraph 2.1.4 Release
29 August 2016

Blazegraph 2.1.2 Release
18 June 2016

Blazegraph 2.1.1 Release!
9 June 2016

Blazegraph 2.1.0 Release!
8 April 2016

Blazegraph 2.0.0 Release!
22 December 2015

Optimistic Concurrency Control in MonetDB
3 January 2020

Limit memory usage of MonetDB on Linux with CGROUPS
9 May 2019

SQL:2003 merge statements now supported in MonetDB
8 March 2019

Extended SQL:2011 Window Functions in MonetDB
26 February 2019

Updatable MERGE TABLEs with partition predicates
26 February 2019

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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3rd partiesCData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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Elastic Cloud: Try the official hosted Elasticsearch.
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More resources
Amazon RedshiftBlazegraphElasticsearchFoundationDBMonetDB
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