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DBMS > Amazon Redshift vs. Blazegraph vs. CrateDB vs. FoundationDB vs. Oracle

System Properties Comparison Amazon Redshift vs. Blazegraph vs. CrateDB vs. FoundationDB vs. Oracle

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonBlazegraph  Xexclude from comparisonCrateDB  Xexclude from comparisonFoundationDB  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparison
Amazon has acquired Blazegraph's domain and (probably) product. It is said that Amazon Neptune is based on Blazegraph.Created as commercial project in 2013, FoundationDB has been acquired by Apple in March 2015 and was withdrawn from the market. As a consequence, the product was removed from the DB-Engines ranking. In April 2018, Apple open-sourced FoundationDB and it therefore reappears in the ranking.
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsHigh-performance graph database supporting Semantic Web (RDF/SPARQL) and Graph Database (tinkerpop3, blueprints, vertex-centric) APIs with scale-out and High Availability.Distributed Date Store based on LuceneOrdered key-value store. Core features are complimented by layers.Widely used RDBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMS
Search engine
Document store infosupported via specific layer
Key-value store
Relational DBMS infosupported via specific SQL-layer
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score21.58
Rank#31  Overall
#19  Relational DBMS
Score0.64
Rank#189  Overall
#15  Graph DBMS
#8  RDF stores
Score0.63
Rank#191  Overall
#93  Relational DBMS
#13  Search engines
Score0.86
Rank#161  Overall
#23  Document stores
#28  Key-value stores
#78  Relational DBMS
Score1346.68
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­redshiftblazegraph.comcrate.iowww.foundationdb.orgwww.oracle.com/­database
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftwiki.blazegraph.comcrate.io/­docsapple.github.io/­foundationdbdocs.oracle.com/­en/­database
DeveloperAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)BlazegraphCrateFoundationDBOracle
Initial release20122006201320131980
Current release2.1.4, August 20166.2.11, November 201919c, February 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoextended commercial license availableOpen SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercial inforestricted free version is available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCJavaJavaC++C and C++
Server operating systemshostedLinux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java 7 VMLinux
OS X
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Data schemeyesschema-freeFlexible Schema (defined schema, partial schema, schema free)schema-free infosome layers support schemasyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columns
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infoRDF literal typesyesno infosome layers support typingyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes
Secondary indexesrestrictedyesyesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardSPARQL is used as query languageyes, but no triggers and constraintssupported in specific SQL layer onlyyes infowith proprietary extensions
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
Java API
RESTful HTTP API
SPARQL QUERY
SPARQL UPDATE
TinkerPop 3
ADO.NET infocommunity maintained client
JDBC
MQTT (Message Queue Telemetry Transport)
PostgreSQL wire protocol
Prometheus Remote Read/Write
RESTful HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBC.Net
C
C++
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Erlang
Go infocommunity maintained client
Java
JavaScript (Node.js) infocommunity maintained client
Perl infocommunity maintained client
PHP
Python
Ruby infocommunity maintained client
Scala infocommunity maintained client
.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Swift
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin Pythonyesuser defined functionsin SQL-layer onlyPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possible
Triggersnonononoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingShardingShardinghorizontal partitioning infowith the optional Oracle Partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesyesselectable replication factoryesMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonononono infocan be realized in PL/SQL
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configurationEventual Consistency
Read Your Own Writes Consistency infofor primary key lookups
Linearizable consistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemyes infoRelationships in Graphsnoin SQL-layer onlyyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDno infounique row identifiers can be used for implementing an optimistic concurrency control strategyACIDACID infoisolation level can be parameterized
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnoyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardSecurity and Authentication via Web Application Container (Tomcat, Jetty)rights management via user accountsnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon RedshiftBlazegraphCrateDBFoundationDBOracle
Specific characteristicsCrateDB is an open source distributed SQL database that spreads data and processing...
» more
Oracle Database (commonly referred to as Oracle RDBMS or simply as Oracle) is a multi-model...
» more
Competitive advantagesCrateDB is typically used in operational analytics applications, particularly those...
» more
Typical application scenariosCrateDB is ideal for integrating and analyzing streams of data--often machine-generated--in...
» more
Key customersCrateDB customers include McAfee, Qualtrics , Nokia, NBC Golfnow , Digital Domain...
» more
Market metricsThe CrateDB open source project was started in 2014. CrateDB was the winner of TechCrunch...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsCrateDB pricing CrateDB Community Edition is open source and free to use under the...
» more
Oracle Database Cloud Services Customers can choose from a wide range of database...
» more
News

Blazegraph 2.1.4 Release
29 August 2016

Blazegraph 2.1.2 Release
18 June 2016

Blazegraph 2.1.1 Release!
9 June 2016

Blazegraph 2.1.0 Release!
8 April 2016

Blazegraph 2.0.0 Release!
22 December 2015

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
Amazon RedshiftBlazegraphCrateDBFoundationDBOracle
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