DB-EnginesInfluxDB download bannerEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Amazon Redshift vs. Blazegraph vs. Cassandra vs. FoundationDB vs. MonetDB

System Properties Comparison Amazon Redshift vs. Blazegraph vs. Cassandra vs. FoundationDB vs. MonetDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonBlazegraph  Xexclude from comparisonCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonFoundationDB  Xexclude from comparisonMonetDB  Xexclude from comparison
Amazon has acquired Blazegraph's domain and (probably) product. It is said that Amazon Neptune is based on Blazegraph.Created as commercial project in 2013, FoundationDB has been acquired by Apple in March 2015 and was withdrawn from the market. As a consequence, the product was removed from the DB-Engines ranking. In April 2018, Apple open-sourced FoundationDB and it therefore reappears in the ranking.
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsHigh-performance graph database supporting Semantic Web (RDF/SPARQL) and Graph Database (tinkerpop3, blueprints, vertex-centric) APIs with scale-out and High Availability.Wide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessOrdered key-value store. Core features are complimented by layers.A relational database management system that stores data in columns
Primary database modelRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
Wide column storeDocument store infosupported via specific layer
Key-value store
Relational DBMS infosupported via specific SQL-layer
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score20.27
Rank#31  Overall
#18  Relational DBMS
Score0.64
Rank#189  Overall
#15  Graph DBMS
#8  RDF stores
Score119.16
Rank#11  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score0.70
Rank#177  Overall
#26  Document stores
#31  Key-value stores
#87  Relational DBMS
Score1.71
Rank#120  Overall
#58  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­redshiftblazegraph.comcassandra.apache.orgwww.foundationdb.orgwww.monetdb.org
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftwiki.blazegraph.comcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latestapple.github.io/­foundationdbwww.monetdb.org/­Documentation
DeveloperAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)BlazegraphApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookFoundationDBMonetDB BV
Initial release20122006200820132004
Current release2.1.5, March 20193.11.6, February 20206.2.11, November 2019Nov2019-SP1, December 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoextended commercial license availableOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoMozilla Public License 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCJavaJavaC++C
Server operating systemshostedLinux
OS X
Windows
BSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-freeschema-freeschema-free infosome layers support schemasyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infoRDF literal typesyesno infosome layers support typingyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesrestrictedyesrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardSPARQL is used as query languageSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)supported in specific SQL layer onlyyes infoSQL 2003 with some extensions
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
Java API
RESTful HTTP API
SPARQL QUERY
SPARQL UPDATE
TinkerPop 3
Proprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
JDBC
native C library infoMAPI library (MonetDB application programming interface)
ODBC
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBC.Net
C
C++
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
C#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Swift
C
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin Pythonyesnoin SQL-layer onlyyes, in SQL, C, R
Triggersnonoyesnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingSharding infono "single point of failure"ShardingSharding via remote tables
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesyesselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleyesnone infoMaster-slave replication available in experimental status
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configurationEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Linearizable consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemyes infoRelationships in Graphsnoin SQL-layer onlyyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDno infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardSecurity and Authentication via Web Application Container (Tomcat, Jetty)Access rights for users can be defined per objectnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon RedshiftBlazegraphCassandraFoundationDBMonetDB
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
» more
Column-store In-memory optimized GeoSpatial support JSON document support
» more
Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
» more
Scalable architecture - vertical data organization and in-memory optimization guarantee...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
» more
Analytical database, Data warehouse, OLAP Data mining Scientific database
» more
Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
» more
Numascale , Spinque , SecurActive , CHS , NOZHUP
» more
Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
» more
Free and open-source software, Mozilla Public License 2.0 Commercial support available
» more
News

Blazegraph 2.1.4 Release
29 August 2016

Blazegraph 2.1.2 Release
18 June 2016

Blazegraph 2.1.1 Release!
9 June 2016

Blazegraph 2.1.0 Release!
8 April 2016

Blazegraph 2.0.0 Release!
22 December 2015

Optimistic Concurrency Control in MonetDB
3 January 2020

Limit memory usage of MonetDB on Linux with CGROUPS
9 May 2019

SQL:2003 merge statements now supported in MonetDB
8 March 2019

Extended SQL:2011 Window Functions in MonetDB
26 February 2019

Updatable MERGE TABLEs with partition predicates
26 February 2019

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesCData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more
DBHawk: Secure access to SQL, NoSQL and Cloud databases with an all-in-one solution.
» more

CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

Instaclustr: Fully Hosted and Managed Apache Cassandra
» more

DataStax Enterprise: Apache Cassandra for enterprises.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Amazon RedshiftBlazegraphCassandraFoundationDBMonetDB
DB-Engines blog posts

Cloud-based DBMS's popularity grows at high rates
12 December 2019, Paul Andlinger

The popularity of cloud-based DBMSs has increased tenfold in four years
7 February 2017, Matthias Gelbmann

Increased popularity for consuming DBMS services out of the cloud
2 October 2015, Paul Andlinger

show all

Cassandra keeps climbing the ranks of the DB-Engines Ranking
3 May 2016, Matthias Gelbmann

Oracle is the DBMS of the Year
5 January 2016, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Winners, losers and an attractive newcomer in Novembers DB-Engines ranking
2 November 2015, Paul Andlinger

show all

Recent citations in the news

Monitor and optimize queries on the new Amazon Redshift console
8 May 2020, idk.dev

Speeding up Etleap models at AXS with Amazon Redshift materialized views
29 April 2020, idk.dev

How Zendesk tripled performance by moving a legacy system onto Amazon Aurora and Amazon Redshift
28 April 2020, idk.dev

Federate Amazon Redshift access with Microsoft Azure AD single sign-on
28 April 2020, idk.dev

Amazon AppFlow Brings Serverless IPaaS Capabilities To AWS
28 April 2020, Forbes

provided by Google News

GPU Database Market 2020-2026: Key Vendor Landscape By Regional Output, Demand By Countries And Future Growth| Sqream, Neo4j, Nvidia
27 May 2020, Weekly Wall

Graph Database Market 2020 Precise Outlook| IBM, Microsoft, Oracle, AWS
26 May 2020, Cole of Duty

Graph database Market (Covid-19 Updated) A Comprehensive
28 April 2020, openPR

COVID-19 Impact on Graph Database Market Research | Trends | Recovery
26 May 2020, Cole of Duty

Europe Graph database Market Insights and Forecast 2020 to 2025
27 May 2020, 3rd Watch News

provided by Google News

Database Week: DataStax unleashed Astra managed Cassandra cloud
12 May 2020, ZDNet

Open source database ScyllaDB 4.0 promises Apache Cassandra, Amazon DynamoDB drop-in replacement
7 May 2020, ZDNet

System designed to improve database performance for health care, IoT
27 May 2020, Tech Xplore

Instaclustr CTO on open source database as a service
22 May 2020, TechTarget

DataStax Astra: A DBaaS that simplifies cloud-native Apache Cassandra application development
14 May 2020, Help Net Security

provided by Google News

FoundationDB, a very interesting NoSQL database owned by Apple, is now an open-source project
19 April 2018, GeekWire

Apple Acquires Durable Database Company FoundationDB
24 March 2015, TechCrunch

Apple’s FoundationDB open sources the database layer behind CloudKit
14 January 2019, 9to5Mac

FoundationDB's Record Layer Supports Relational Database Semantics, Schema Management and Indexing
10 February 2019, InfoQ.com

Apple unleashes FoundationDB as an open source project
20 April 2018, The Register

provided by Google News

MonetDB Solutions secures investment from ServiceNow — CWI Amsterdam
1 October 2019, Centrum Wiskunde & Informatica (CWI)

CWI's 25th spin-off develops software of the future
18 May 2020, Centrum Wiskunde & Informatica (CWI)

RDBMS Software Market 2015-2027 to Observe a Commendable CAGR and COVID-19 Impact with Top Players SolarWinds IT Operations Management, CA Technologies, Microsoft, ThinkSQL & More
23 May 2020, Cole of Duty

Global RDBMS Software Market 2025 -Microsoft, Oracle, PostgreSQL Global Development Group, SQLite, IBM, etc.
15 May 2020, Cole of Duty

Big Data Career Notes: November 2019 Edition
15 November 2019, Datanami

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Amazon Redshift - Design Engineer Intern
Amazon Web Services, Inc., East Palo Alto, CA

Amazon Redshift Development Manager
Amazon.com Services LLC, East Palo Alto, CA

Amazon Redshift Development Manager
Amazon.com Services LLC, Arlington, VA

Performance Engineer - Amazon Redshift
Amazon Web Services, Inc., San Diego, CA

System Development Engineer, Amazon Redshift
Amazon.com Services LLC, East Palo Alto, CA

NoSQL Database Administrator
IBM, United States

Postgres/Cassandra Production DBA
Kronos Incorporated, Lowell, MA

Database Administrator
PMG Global, Herndon, VA

Senior Database Administrator - Cassandra / DataStax
Uline, Pleasant Prairie, WI

Cassandra Database Administrator
Sandhills Global, Inc., Scottsdale, AZ

Software Engineer - Platform Integration
ANDURIL INDUSTRIES, Irvine, CA

Software Engineer - SecDB Architecture
Goldman Sachs, New York, NY

Data Scientist
Lucas Systems, Inc., Wexford, PA

Data Scientist
Lucas Systems, Wexford, PA

Senior Architect - Database Specialist - SecDB Architecture
Goldman Sachs, New York, NY

Data Scientist
Cerebri AI, Austin, TX

Staff Quality Engineer
ServiceNow, Santa Clara, CA

Principal Software Engineer / Architect
ServiceNow, Santa Clara, CA

Staff Quality Engineer
ServiceNow, San Diego, CA

Director, Quality Engineering - Performance
ServiceNow, San Diego, CA

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products

Neo4j logo

Get your free copy of the new O'Reilly book Graph Algorithms with 20+ examples for
machine learning, graph analytics and more.

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Datastax Luna logo

Simple, subscription-based support for open source
Apache Cassandra™ from the Cassandra experts.
Learn more.

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download

Present your product here