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DBMS > Amazon Redshift vs. Blazegraph vs. Cassandra vs. FoundationDB vs. MonetDB

System Properties Comparison Amazon Redshift vs. Blazegraph vs. Cassandra vs. FoundationDB vs. MonetDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonBlazegraph  Xexclude from comparisonCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonFoundationDB  Xexclude from comparisonMonetDB  Xexclude from comparison
Amazon has acquired Blazegraph's domain and (probably) product. It is said that Amazon Neptune is based on Blazegraph.Created as commercial project in 2013, FoundationDB has been acquired by Apple in March 2015 and was withdrawn from the market. As a consequence, the product was removed from the DB-Engines ranking. In April 2018, Apple open-sourced FoundationDB and it therefore reappears in the ranking.
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsHigh-performance graph database supporting Semantic Web (RDF/SPARQL) and Graph Database (tinkerpop3, blueprints, vertex-centric) APIs with scale-out and High Availability.Wide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessOrdered key-value store. Core features are complimented by layers.A relational database management system that stores data in columns
Primary database modelRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
Wide column storeDocument store infosupported via specific layer
Key-value store
Relational DBMS infosupported via specific SQL-layer
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score22.16
Rank#32  Overall
#19  Relational DBMS
Score0.83
Rank#186  Overall
#16  Graph DBMS
#8  RDF stores
Score113.63
Rank#11  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score0.96
Rank#174  Overall
#28  Document stores
#29  Key-value stores
#88  Relational DBMS
Score2.06
Rank#116  Overall
#57  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­redshiftblazegraph.comcassandra.apache.orgwww.foundationdb.orgwww.monetdb.org
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftwiki.blazegraph.comcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latestapple.github.io/­foundationdbwww.monetdb.org/­Documentation
DeveloperAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)BlazegraphApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookFoundationDBMonetDB BV
Initial release20122006200820132004
Current release2.1.5, March 20193.11.10 , February 20216.2.28, November 2020Oct2020-SP2, January 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoextended commercial license availableOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoMozilla Public License 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCJavaJavaC++C
Server operating systemshostedLinux
OS X
Windows
BSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-freeschema-freeschema-free infosome layers support schemasyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infoRDF literal typesyesno infosome layers support typingyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesrestrictedyesrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardSPARQL is used as query languageSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)supported in specific SQL layer onlyyes infoSQL 2003 with some extensions
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
Java API
RESTful HTTP API
SPARQL QUERY
SPARQL UPDATE
TinkerPop 3
Proprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
JDBC
native C library infoMAPI library (MonetDB application programming interface)
ODBC
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBC.Net
C
C++
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
C#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Swift
C
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin Pythonyesnoin SQL-layer onlyyes, in SQL, C, R
Triggersnonoyesnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingSharding infono "single point of failure"ShardingSharding via remote tables
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesyesselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleyesnone infoSource-replica replication available in experimental status
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configurationEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Linearizable consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemyes infoRelationships in Graphsnoin SQL-layer onlyyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDno infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardSecurity and Authentication via Web Application Container (Tomcat, Jetty)Access rights for users can be defined per objectnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon RedshiftBlazegraphCassandraFoundationDBMonetDB
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
» more
Column-store In-memory optimized GeoSpatial support JSON document support
» more
Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
» more
Scalable architecture - vertical data organization and in-memory optimization guarantee...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
» more
Analytical database, Data warehouse, OLAP Data mining Scientific database
» more
Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
» more
Numascale , Spinque , SecurActive , CHS , NOZHUP
» more
Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
» more
Free and open-source software, Mozilla Public License 2.0 Commercial support available
» more
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