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DBMS > Amazon Redshift vs. BigchainDB vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Teradata Aster

System Properties Comparison Amazon Redshift vs. BigchainDB vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Teradata Aster

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonBigchainDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonTeradata Aster  Xexclude from comparison
Teradata Aster has been integrated into other Teradata systems and therefore will be removed from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsBigchainDB is scalable blockchain database offering decentralization, immutability and native assetsGlobally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database servicePlatform for big data analytics on multistructured data sources and types
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument storeDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score24.37
Rank#32  Overall
#18  Relational DBMS
Score0.80
Rank#195  Overall
#30  Document stores
Score39.71
Rank#26  Overall
#3  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­redshiftwww.bigchaindb.comazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-db
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftbigchaindb.readthedocs.io/­en/­latestdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­cosmos-db
DeveloperAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)MicrosoftTeradata
Initial release2012201620142005
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoAGPL v3commercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCPython
Server operating systemshostedLinuxhostedLinux
Data schemeyesschema-freeschema-freeFlexible Schema (defined schema, partial schema, schema free) infodefined schema within the relational store; partial schema or schema free in the Aster File Store
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyes infoJSON typesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes infoin Aster File Store
Secondary indexesrestrictedyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardnoSQL-like query languageyes
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
CLI Client
RESTful HTTP API
DocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBCGo
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
C
C#
C++
Java
Python
R
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin PythonJavaScriptR packages
TriggersnoJavaScriptno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesselectable replication factoryes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceyes infoDimension tables are replicated across all nodes in the cluster. The number of replicas for the file store can be configured.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonowith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*yes infoSQL Map-Reduce Framework
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Immediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configuration
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemnonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes,with MongoDB ord RethinkDByesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyesAccess rights can be defined down to the item levelfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
Amazon RedshiftBigchainDBMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBTeradata Aster
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