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DBMS > Amazon Redshift vs. Badger vs. Datomic vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. RethinkDB

System Properties Comparison Amazon Redshift vs. Badger vs. Datomic vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. RethinkDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonBadger  Xexclude from comparisonDatomic  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonRethinkDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsAn embeddable, persistent, simple and fast Key-Value Store, written purely in Go.Datomic builds on immutable values, supports point-in-time queries and uses 3rd party systems for durabilityMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSDBMS for the Web with a mechanism to push updated query results to applications in realtime.
Primary database modelRelational DBMSKey-value storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMSDocument store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score25.85
Rank#31  Overall
#18  Relational DBMS
Score0.15
Rank#298  Overall
#44  Key-value stores
Score1.74
Rank#130  Overall
#65  Relational DBMS
Score944.81
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score3.14
Rank#97  Overall
#17  Document stores
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­redshiftgithub.com/­dgraph-io/­badgerwww.datomic.comwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverrethinkdb.com
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftgodoc.org/­github.com/­dgraph-io/­badgerdocs.datomic.comdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverrethinkdb.com/­docs
DeveloperAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)DGraph LabsCognitectMicrosoftThe Linux Foundation infosince July 2017
Initial release20122017201219892009
Current release0.9.5951, July 2019SQL Server 2019, November 20192.4.1, August 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercial infolimited edition freecommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoApache Version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCGoJava, ClojureC++C++
Server operating systemshostedBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
All OS with a Java VMLinux
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-freeyesyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyesyesyes infostring, binary, float, bool, date, geometry
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononoyesno
Secondary indexesrestrictednoyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardnonoyesno
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP APIADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBCGoClojure
Java
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
C infocommunity-supported driver
C# infocommunity-supported driver
C++ infocommunity-supported driver
Clojure infocommunity-supported driver
Dart infocommunity-supported driver
Erlang infocommunity-supported driver
Go infocommunity-supported driver
Haskell infocommunity-supported driver
Java infoofficial driver
JavaScript (Node.js) infoofficial driver
Lisp infocommunity-supported driver
Lua infocommunity-supported driver
Objective-C infocommunity-supported driver
Perl infocommunity-supported driver
PHP infocommunity-supported driver
Python infoofficial driver
Ruby infoofficial driver
Scala infocommunity-supported driver
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin Pythonnoyes infoTransaction FunctionsTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Java
TriggersnonoBy using transaction functionsyesClient-side triggers through changefeeds
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnonenone infoBut extensive use of caching in the application peerstables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationSharding inforange based
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesnonenone infoBut extensive use of caching in the application peersyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionSource-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonononoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencynoneImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemnonoyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACIDACIDAtomic single-document operations
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes infoMVCC based
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infousing external storage systems (e.g. Cassandra, DynamoDB, PostgreSQL, Couchbase and others)yesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnoyes inforecommended only for testing and developmentyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnonofine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyes infousers and table-level permissions

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More resources
Amazon RedshiftBadgerDatomicMicrosoft SQL ServerRethinkDB
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