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DBMS > Amazon Redshift vs. Apache Phoenix vs. Kinetica vs. Snowflake

System Properties Comparison Amazon Redshift vs. Apache Phoenix vs. Kinetica vs. Snowflake

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonApache Phoenix  Xexclude from comparisonKinetica  Xexclude from comparisonSnowflake  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsA scale-out RDBMS with evolutionary schema built on Apache HBaseFully vectorized database across both GPUs and CPUsCloud-based data warehousing service for structured and semi-structured data
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score24.37
Rank#32  Overall
#18  Relational DBMS
Score3.20
Rank#96  Overall
#50  Relational DBMS
Score0.74
Rank#202  Overall
#99  Relational DBMS
Score71.03
Rank#17  Overall
#11  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­redshiftphoenix.apache.orgwww.kinetica.comwww.snowflake.com
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftphoenix.apache.orgwww.kinetica.com/­docsdocs.snowflake.net/­manuals/­index.html
DeveloperAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)Apache Software FoundationKineticaSnowflake Computing Inc.
Initial release2012201420122014
Current release5.0-HBase2, July 2018 and 4.15-HBase1, December 20197.1, August 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0commercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCJavaC, C++
Server operating systemshostedLinux
Unix
Windows
Linuxhosted
Data schemeyesyes infolate-bound, schema-on-read capabilitiesyesyes infosupport of semi-structured data formats (JSON, XML, Avro)
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononoyes
Secondary indexesrestrictedyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardyesSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
JDBCJDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
CLI Client
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBCC
C#
C++
Go
Groovy
Java
PHP
Python
Scala
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin Pythonuser defined functionsuser defined functionsuser defined functions
Triggersnonoyes infotriggers when inserted values for one or more columns fall within a specified rangeno infosimilar concept for controling cloud resources
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingShardingyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Source-replica replicationyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoHadoop integrationnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency or Eventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configurationImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemnoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesyes infoGPU vRAM or System RAMno
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess Control Lists (using HBase ACL) for RBAC, integration with Apache Ranger for RBAC & ABAC, multi-tenancyAccess rights for users and roles on table levelUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authentication
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon RedshiftApache PhoenixKineticaSnowflake
Specific characteristicsNative and fully vectorized database across both GPUs and CPUs, with memory first...
» more
Competitive advantagesBest in class geospatial and temporal analytics. Lockless architecture provides real-time...
» more
Typical application scenariosAny application requiring (1) real time insights, (2) time series analysis (3) geospatial...
» more
Key customersCitibank, US Air Force, Softbank, OVO, Telkomsel, USPS, 2 of the top 3 US Telcos,...
» more
Market metricsThe largest IoT deployment in the world, NORAD, runs on Kinetica.
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsAlways Free Tier in the Cloud, Pay-As-You-Go Consumption Based Pricing, and Portable...
» more

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More resources
Amazon RedshiftApache PhoenixKineticaSnowflake
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