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DBMS > Amazon Redshift vs. Apache Phoenix vs. Dgraph vs. Elasticsearch vs. EsgynDB

System Properties Comparison Amazon Redshift vs. Apache Phoenix vs. Dgraph vs. Elasticsearch vs. EsgynDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonApache Phoenix  Xexclude from comparisonDgraph  Xexclude from comparisonElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonEsgynDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsA scale-out RDBMS with evolutionary schema built on Apache HBaseDistributed and scalable native Graph DBMSA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricEnterprise-class SQL-on-Hadoop solution, powered by Apache Trafodion
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMSSearch engineRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score25.85
Rank#31  Overall
#18  Relational DBMS
Score3.26
Rank#94  Overall
#50  Relational DBMS
Score1.51
Rank#139  Overall
#11  Graph DBMS
Score160.75
Rank#8  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score0.23
Rank#281  Overall
#130  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­redshiftphoenix.apache.orgdgraph.iowww.elastic.co/­elasticsearchwww.esgyn.cn
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftphoenix.apache.orgdgraph.io/­docswww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.html
DeveloperAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)Apache Software FoundationDgraph Labs, Inc.ElasticEsgyn
Initial release20122014201620102015
Current release5.0-HBase2, July 2018 and 4.15-HBase1, December 20197.8.0, June 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0Open Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoApache Version 2; Elastic Licensecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCJavaGoJavaC++, Java
Server operating systemshostedLinux
Unix
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VMLinux
Data schemeyesyes infolate-bound, schema-on-read capabilitiesschema-freeschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonononono
Secondary indexesrestrictedyesyesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardyesnoSQL-like query languageyes
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
JDBCGraphQL query language
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HTTP API
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBCC
C#
C++
Go
Groovy
Java
PHP
Python
Scala
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC/ADO.Net
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin Pythonuser defined functionsnoyesJava Stored Procedures
Triggersnononoyes infoby using the 'percolation' featureno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingyesShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Synchronous replication via RaftyesMulti-source replication between multi datacenters
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoHadoop integrationnoES-Hadoop Connectoryes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency or Eventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemnononoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesMemcached and Redis integrationno
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess Control Lists (using HBase ACL) for RBAC, integration with Apache Ranger for RBAC & ABAC, multi-tenancyno infoPlanned for future releasesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon RedshiftApache PhoenixDgraphElasticsearchEsgynDB
Competitive advantagesHorizontally scalable transactional graph database with fast arbitrary-depth joins...
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More resources
Amazon RedshiftApache PhoenixDgraphElasticsearchEsgynDB
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