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DBMS > Amazon Redshift vs. Apache IoTDB vs. Oracle

System Properties Comparison Amazon Redshift vs. Apache IoTDB vs. Oracle

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonApache IoTDB  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsAn IoT native database with high performance for data management and analysis, deployable on the edge and the cloud and integrated with Hadoop, Spark and FlinkWidely used RDBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSTime Series DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Spatial DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Vector DBMS infosince Oracle 23
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score15.07
Rank#38  Overall
#23  Relational DBMS
Score1.24
Rank#167  Overall
#14  Time Series DBMS
Score1240.37
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­redshiftiotdb.apache.orgwww.oracle.com/­database
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftiotdb.apache.org/­UserGuide/­Master/­QuickStart/­QuickStart.htmldocs.oracle.com/­en/­database
DeveloperAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)Apache Software FoundationOracle
Initial release201220181980
Current release1.1.0, April 202323c, September 2023
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0commercial inforestricted free version is available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageCJavaC and C++
Server operating systemshostedAll OS with a Java VM (>= 1.8)AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Data schemeyesyesyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columns
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes
Secondary indexesrestrictedyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardSQL-like query languageyes infowith proprietary extensions
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
JDBC
Native API
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBCC
C#
C++
Go
Java
Python
Scala
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin PythonyesPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possible
Triggersnoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardinghorizontal partitioning (by time range) + vertical partitioning (by deviceId)Sharding, horizontal partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesselectable replication methods; using Raft/IoTConsensus algorithm to ensure strong/eventual data consistency among multiple replicasMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoIntegration with Hadoop and Sparkno infocan be realized in PL/SQL
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Strong Consistency with Raft
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACID infoisolation level can be parameterized
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
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