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DBMS > Amazon Redshift vs. Apache Cassandra vs. IRONdb

System Properties Comparison Amazon Redshift vs. Apache Cassandra vs. IRONdb

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonApache Cassandra  Xexclude from comparisonIRONdb  Xexclude from comparison
IRONdb seems to be discontinued. Therefore it is excluded from the DB-Engines Ranking.
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessA distributed Time Series DBMS with a focus on scalability, fault tolerance and operational simplicity
Primary database modelRelational DBMSWide column storeTime Series DBMS
Secondary database modelsVector DBMS infostarting with release V5
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score15.07
Rank#38  Overall
#23  Relational DBMS
Score99.13
Rank#12  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­redshiftcassandra.apache.orgwww.circonus.com/solutions/time-series-database/
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latestdocs.circonus.com/irondb/category/getting-started
DeveloperAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)Apache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookCirconus LLC.
Initial release201220082017
Current release4.1.3, July 2023V0.10.20, January 2018
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache version 2commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Astra DB: Multi-cloud DBaaS built on Apache Cassandra.
Implementation languageCJavaC and C++
Server operating systemshostedBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
Data schemeyesschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infotext, numeric, histograms
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesrestrictedrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionno
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)SQL-like query language (Circonus Analytics Query Language: CAQL)
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
HTTP API
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBCC#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
Lua
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin Pythonnoyes, in Lua
Triggersnoyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infono "single point of failure"Automatic, metric affinity per node
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleconfigurable replication factor, datacenter aware
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate consistency per node, eventual consistency across nodes
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemnono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDno infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnono
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users can be defined per objectno
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon RedshiftApache CassandraIRONdb
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
» more
Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
» more
Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
» more
Market metricsApache Cassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
» more
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