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DBMS > Amazon Neptune vs. Solr vs. SpatiaLite

System Properties Comparison Amazon Neptune vs. Solr vs. SpatiaLite

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Neptune  Xexclude from comparisonSolr  Xexclude from comparisonSpatiaLite  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFast, reliable graph database built for the cloudA widely used distributed, scalable search engine based on Apache LuceneSpatial extension of SQLite
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Search engineSpatial DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMSRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.14
Rank#115  Overall
#9  Graph DBMS
#5  RDF stores
Score38.88
Rank#24  Overall
#3  Search engines
Score1.59
Rank#144  Overall
#3  Spatial DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­neptunesolr.apache.orgwww.gaia-gis.it/­fossil/­libspatialite/­index
Technical documentationaws.amazon.com/­neptune/­developer-resourcessolr.apache.org/­resources.htmlwww.gaia-gis.it/­gaia-sins/­spatialite_topics.html
DeveloperAmazonApache Software FoundationAlessandro Furieri
Initial release201720062008
Current release9.6.1, May 20245.0.0, August 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoMPL 1.1, GPL v2.0 or LGPL v2.1
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaC++
Server operating systemshostedAll OS with a Java VM inforuns as a servlet in servlet container (e.g. Tomcat, Jetty is included)server-less
Data schemeschema-freeyes infoDynamic Fields enables on-the-fly addition of new fieldsyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infosupports customizable data types and automatic typingyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesno
Secondary indexesnoyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSolr Parallel SQL Interfaceyes
APIs and other access methodsOpenCypher
RDF 1.1 / SPARQL 1.1
TinkerPop Gremlin
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languagesC#
Go
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
Erlang
Java
JavaScript
any language that supports sockets and either XML or JSON
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoJava pluginsno
Triggersnoyes infoUser configurable commands triggered on index changesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-availability zones high availability, asynchronous replication for up to 15 read replicas within a single region. Global database clusters consists of a primary write DB cluster in one region, and up to five secondary read DB clusters in different regions. Each secondary region can have up to 16 reader instances.yesnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnospark-solr: github.com/­lucidworks/­spark-solr and streaming expressions to reduceno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDoptimistic lockingACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infowith encyption-at-restyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)yesno

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More resources
Amazon NeptuneSolrSpatiaLite
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