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DBMS > Amazon Neptune vs. RocksDB vs. SingleStore vs. TempoIQ vs. Weaviate

System Properties Comparison Amazon Neptune vs. RocksDB vs. SingleStore vs. TempoIQ vs. Weaviate

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Neptune  Xexclude from comparisonRocksDB  Xexclude from comparisonSingleStore infoformer name was MemSQL  Xexclude from comparisonTempoIQ infoformerly TempoDB  Xexclude from comparisonWeaviate  Xexclude from comparison
TempoIQ seems to be decommissioned. It will be removed from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionFast, reliable graph database built for the cloudEmbeddable persistent key-value store optimized for fast storage (flash and RAM)MySQL wire-compliant distributed RDBMS that combines an in-memory row-oriented and a disc-based column-oriented storage with patented universal storage to handle transactional and analytical workloads in one single table typeScalable analytics DBMS for sensor data, provided as a service (SaaS)A cloud-native, realtime vector search engine integrating scalable machine learning models
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Key-value storeRelational DBMSTime Series DBMSSearch engine
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Time Series DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.09
Rank#103  Overall
#6  Graph DBMS
#3  RDF stores
Score4.29
Rank#87  Overall
#15  Key-value stores
Score7.03
Rank#62  Overall
#36  Relational DBMS
Score0.12
Rank#308  Overall
#19  Search engines
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­neptunerocksdb.orgwww.singlestore.comtempoiq.com (offline)github.com/­semi-technologies/­weaviate
weaviate.io
Technical documentationaws.amazon.com/­neptune/­developer-resourcesgithub.com/­facebook/­rocksdb/­wikidocs.singlestore.comweaviate.io/­developers/­weaviate/­current
DeveloperAmazonFacebook, Inc.SingleStore Inc.TempoIQSeMI Technologies B.V.
Initial release20172013201320122017
Current release7.3.1, June 20227.6, November 20211.0.3, January 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoBSDcommercial infofree developer edition availablecommercialOpen Source infocommercial license available with Weaviate Enterprise
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
SingleStore Managed Service: The world's fastest, modern cloud database for both operational (OLTP) and analytical (OLAP) workloads. Available instantly with multi-cloud and hybrid-cloud capabilities
Implementation languageC++C++, GoGo
Server operating systemshostedLinuxLinux info64 bit version required
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyesschema-freeyes, maps to GraphQL interface
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyesyesyes infostring, int, float, geo point, date, cross reference, fuzzy references
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonononono
Secondary indexesnonoyesyes infoall data objects are indexed in a semantic vector space (the Contextionary), all primitive fields are indexed
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoyes infobut no triggers and foreign keysnoGraphQL is used as query language
APIs and other access methodsRDF 1.1 / SPARQL 1.1
TinkerPop Gremlin 3.3
C++ API
Java API
Cluster Management API infoas HTTP Rest and CLI
HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
HTTP APIGraphQL query language
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languagesC#
Go
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C
C++
Go
Java
Perl
Python
Ruby
Bash
C
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C#
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonoyesnono
Triggersnononoyes infoRealtime Alertsno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenoneSharding infohash partitioningSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-availability zones high availability, asynchronous replication for up to 15 read replicasnoneSource-replica replication infostores two copies of each physical data partition on two separate nodesyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono infocan define user-defined aggregate functions for map-reduce-style calculationsnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsnononono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDyesACIDnono
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infowith encyption-at-restyesyes infoAll updates are persistent, including those to disk-based columnstores and memory-based row stores. Transaction commits are supported via write-ahead log.yesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesnono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)noFine grained access control via users, groups and rolessimple authentication-based access controlOpenID Connect Discovery
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon NeptuneRocksDBSingleStore infoformer name was MemSQLTempoIQ infoformerly TempoDBWeaviate
Specific characteristicsSingleStore offers a fully-managed , distributed, highly-scalable SQL database designed...
» more
Competitive advantagesSingleStore’s competitive advantages include: Easy and Simplified Architecture with...
» more
Typical application scenariosDriving Fast Analytics: SingleStore delivers the fastest and most scalable reporting...
» more
As a stand-alone vector search engine, or use one of the many modules (transformers,...
» more
Key customersIEX Cloud : Improves Financial Data Distribution Speed 15x with Singlestore DB Comcast,...
» more
A ll companies that have data. ​
» more
Market metricsCustomers in various industries worldwide including US and International Industry...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsF ree Tier and Enterprise Edition
» more
Weaviate is open-source, and free to use. We also offer Fully managed Weaviate on...
» more

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More resources
Amazon NeptuneRocksDBSingleStore infoformer name was MemSQLTempoIQ infoformerly TempoDBWeaviate
DB-Engines blog posts

Cloud-Based Analytics With SingleStoreDB
9 June 2022,  Akmal Chaudhri, SingleStore (sponsor) 

SingleStore: The Increasing Momentum of Multi-Model Database Systems
14 February 2022,  Akmal Chaudhri, SingleStore (sponsor) 

show all

Weaviate, an ANN Database with CRUD support
2 February 2021,  Etienne Dilocker, SeMI Technologies (sponsor) 

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Conferences and events

SingleStore: Join the Real-Time Data [r]evolotion
Virtual Event, 13 July 2022 (finished)

Recent citations in the news

Amazon announces general availability of its Graph Database called Neptune
29 July 2022, Analytics India Magazine

How graph databases took over relationship mapping
19 July 2022, The Register

Amazon Neptune update: Machine learning, data science, and the future of graph databases
30 July 2021, ZDNet

Here’s how you can predict graphs accurately, quickly, and securely with Amazon Neptune
2 November 2021, YourStory

Catching up with Amazon Neptune
26 November 2019, ZDNet

provided by Google News

Swim Maintains a Steady State Amid Fast-Moving Data
9 August 2022, Datanami

Did Rockset Just Solve Real-Time Analytics?
25 August 2021, Datanami

provided by Google News

SingleStore raises additional cash to grow its database business
12 July 2022, TechCrunch

SingleStore Reaches Unicorn Status as a Leader in Cloud SQL Database Management
26 July 2022, The Software Report

SingleStore Selects AppDirect to Power Real-Time Marketplace
4 August 2022, Datanami

Neon nabs $30M to build a scalable cloud service for Postgres databases
26 July 2022, TechCrunch

SingleStore Outshines Major Database Competitors in TCO Study
15 June 2022, Business Wire

provided by Google News

Amsterdam-based startup SeMI Technologies raises €14.1M for its open-source vector search engine Weaviate
23 February 2022, Silicon Canals

SeMI Technologies’ search engine opens up new ways to query your data
22 February 2022, TechCrunch

Getting Started with the Weaviate Vector Search Engine
18 May 2020, hackernoon.com

Database technology evolves to combine machine learning and data storage
7 March 2022, VentureBeat

Weaviate Is A Search Engine For Vector Embeddings
11 May 2020, hackernoon.com

provided by Google News

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