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DBMS > Amazon Neptune vs. RocksDB vs. SingleStore vs. Tarantool

System Properties Comparison Amazon Neptune vs. RocksDB vs. SingleStore vs. Tarantool

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Neptune  Xexclude from comparisonRocksDB  Xexclude from comparisonSingleStore infoformer name was MemSQL  Xexclude from comparisonTarantool  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFast, reliable graph database built for the cloudEmbeddable persistent key-value store optimized for fast storage (flash and RAM)MySQL wire-compliant distributed RDBMS that combines an in-memory row-oriented and a disc-based column-oriented storage with patented universal storage to handle transactional and analytical workloads in one single table typeIn-memory computing platform with a flexible data schema for efficiently building high-performance applications
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Key-value storeRelational DBMSKey-value store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Time Series DBMS
Document store
Relational DBMS
Spatial DBMS infowith Tarantool/GIS extension
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.19
Rank#102  Overall
#6  Graph DBMS
#3  RDF stores
Score4.26
Rank#89  Overall
#16  Key-value stores
Score7.25
Rank#61  Overall
#35  Relational DBMS
Score1.62
Rank#145  Overall
#27  Key-value stores
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­neptunerocksdb.orgwww.singlestore.comwww.tarantool.io
Technical documentationaws.amazon.com/­neptune/­developer-resourcesgithub.com/­facebook/­rocksdb/­wikidocs.singlestore.comwww.tarantool.io/­en/­doc
DeveloperAmazonFacebook, Inc.SingleStore Inc.VK
Initial release2017201320132008
Current release7.3.1, June 20227.6, November 20212.10.0, May 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoBSDcommercial infofree developer edition availableOpen Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
SingleStore Managed Service: The world's fastest, modern cloud database for both operational (OLTP) and analytical (OLAP) workloads. Available instantly with multi-cloud and hybrid-cloud capabilities
Implementation languageC++C++, GoC and C++
Server operating systemshostedLinuxLinux info64 bit version requiredBSD
Linux
macOS
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyesschema-free, schema definition possible
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyesstring, double, decimal, uuid, integer, blob, boolean
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono
Secondary indexesnonoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoyes infobut no triggers and foreign keysFull-featured ANSI SQL support
APIs and other access methodsRDF 1.1 / SPARQL 1.1
TinkerPop Gremlin 3.3
C++ API
Java API
Cluster Management API infoas HTTP Rest and CLI
HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
Open binary protocol
Supported programming languagesC#
Go
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C
C++
Go
Java
Perl
Python
Ruby
Bash
C
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C
C#
C++
Erlang
Go
Java
JavaScript
Lua
Perl
PHP
Python
Rust
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonoyesLua, C and SQL stored procedures
Triggersnononoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenoneSharding infohash partitioningHash sharding based on virtual buckets
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-availability zones high availability, asynchronous replication for up to 15 read replicasnoneSource-replica replication infostores two copies of each physical data partition on two separate nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono infocan define user-defined aggregate functions for map-reduce-style calculations
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsnonoyes, with SQL
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDyesACIDACID, read commited
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yes, cooperative multitasking
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infowith encyption-at-restyesyes infoAll updates are persistent, including those to disk-based columnstores and memory-based row stores. Transaction commits are supported via write-ahead log.yes, regular snapshots on disk, write ahead logging
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesyes, full featured in-memory storage engine with persistence
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)noFine grained access control via users, groups and rolesAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon NeptuneRocksDBSingleStore infoformer name was MemSQLTarantool
Specific characteristicsSingleStore offers a fully-managed , distributed, highly-scalable SQL database designed...
» more
Competitive advantagesSingleStore’s competitive advantages include: Easy and Simplified Architecture with...
» more
Typical application scenariosDriving Fast Analytics: SingleStore delivers the fastest and most scalable reporting...
» more
Key customersIEX Cloud : Improves Financial Data Distribution Speed 15x with Singlestore DB Comcast,...
» more
Market metricsCustomers in various industries worldwide including US and International Industry...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsF ree Tier and Enterprise Edition
» more

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesSpeedb: A high performance RocksDB-compliant key-value store optimized for write-intensive workloads.
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We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Amazon NeptuneRocksDBSingleStore infoformer name was MemSQLTarantool
DB-Engines blog posts

Cloud-Based Analytics With SingleStoreDB
9 June 2022,  Akmal Chaudhri, SingleStore (sponsor) 

SingleStore: The Increasing Momentum of Multi-Model Database Systems
14 February 2022,  Akmal Chaudhri, SingleStore (sponsor) 

show all

Data processing speed and reliability: in-memory synchronous replication
9 November 2021,  Vladimir Perepelytsya, Tarantool (sponsor) 

show all

Conferences and events

Turbocharging MySQL JSON Data with SingleStore
Webinar, 10:00AM PDT, 11 October 2022

Recent citations in the news

Microsoft Dataverse, scikit-learn Pipeline Tutorial, NLP Bundle.
23 September 2022, Packt Hub

Amazon announces general availability of its Graph Database called Neptune
29 July 2022, Analytics India Magazine

Amazon Neptune update: Machine learning, data science, and the future of graph databases
30 July 2021, ZDNet

Here’s how you can predict graphs accurately, quickly, and securely with Amazon Neptune
2 November 2021, YourStory

Catching up with Amazon Neptune
26 November 2019, ZDNet

provided by Google News

Meta’s Velox Means Database Performance Is Not Subject To Interpretation
31 August 2022, The Next Platform

Did Rockset Just Solve Real-Time Analytics?
25 August 2021, Datanami

Swim Maintains a Steady State Amid Fast-Moving Data
8 August 2022, Datanami

provided by Google News

SingleStore Empowers Digital Innovators With Superior Database Performance and Real-Time Insights at Lower TCO
30 August 2022, Business Wire

SingleStore raises additional cash to grow its database business
12 July 2022, TechCrunch

Relational Database Management System Market to Witness Huge Growth by Key Players: SingleStore, Teradata Corporation, Connx Solutions, TmaxSoft, MongoDB, Couchbase
26 September 2022, openPR

SingleStore Outshines Major Database Competitors in TCO Study
15 June 2022, Business Wire

SingleStore Expands Capabilities for Real-Time Applications and Workloads
22 June 2022, Business Wire

provided by Google News

Tarantool: A Lua-based database engine
13 April 2016, Opensource.com

provided by Google News

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