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DBMS > Amazon Neptune vs. Realm vs. STSdb vs. TiDB

System Properties Comparison Amazon Neptune vs. Realm vs. STSdb vs. TiDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Neptune  Xexclude from comparisonRealm  Xexclude from comparisonSTSdb  Xexclude from comparisonTiDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFast, reliable graph database built for the cloudA DBMS built for use on mobile devices that’s a fast, easy to use alternative to SQLite and Core DataKey-Value Store with special method for indexing infooptimized for high performance using a special indexing methodTiDB is an open source distributed Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) database that supports MySQL and Spark SQL syntaxes.
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Document storeKey-value storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.60
Rank#112  Overall
#7  Graph DBMS
#5  RDF stores
Score9.20
Rank#52  Overall
#9  Document stores
Score0.12
Rank#303  Overall
#43  Key-value stores
Score3.23
Rank#99  Overall
#52  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­neptunerealm.iogithub.com/­STSSoft/­STSdb4pingcap.com
Technical documentationaws.amazon.com/­neptune/­developer-resourcesrealm.io/­docsdocs.pingcap.com/­tidb/­stable
DeveloperAmazonRealm, acquired by MongoDB in May 2019STS Soft SCPingCAP, Inc.
Initial release2017201420112016
Current release4.0.8, September 20155.0.1, April 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen SourceOpen Source infoGPLv2, commercial license availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
TiDB Cloud: Fully-managed TiDB Service. Bring everything great about TiDB to the cloud.
Implementation languageC#Go, Rust
Server operating systemshostedAndroid
Backend: server-less
iOS
Windows
WindowsLinux
Data schemeschema-freeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infoprimitive types and user defined types (classes)yes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesnoyesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnononoyes
APIs and other access methodsRDF 1.1 / SPARQL 1.1
TinkerPop Gremlin 3.3
.NET Client APIJDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
Supported programming languagesC#
Go
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
Java infowith Android only
Objective-C
React Native
Swift
C#
Java
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnono inforuns within the applications so server-side scripts are unnecessarynono
Triggersnoyes infoChange Listenersnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenonenonehorizontal partitioning (by key range)
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-availability zones high availability, asynchronous replication for up to 15 read replicasnonenoneUsing Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononoyes infowith TiSpark Connector
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsnonono infocurrently only supported in syntax
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infowith encyption-at-restyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoIn-Memory realmno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)yesnoUsers with fine-grained authorization concept. No user groups or roles.
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon NeptuneRealmSTSdbTiDB
Specific characteristicsNow a part of MongoDB Data Platform , Realm Database is the fast, easy to use, and...
» more
TiDB is an open-source NewSQL database built by PingCAP. TiDB supports Hybrid Transactional...
» more
Competitive advantagesRealm ensures offline-first functionality, meaning apps run smoothly and deliver...
» more
In the current database landscape, infrastructure engineers often have to use one...
» more
Typical application scenariosMobile Consumer Apps First-Line Worker Apps
» more
TiDB is designed to support both OLTP and OLAP scenarios. You can use TiDB , the...
» more
Key customersCathay Pacific Royal Carribbean Cruise Lines Open Source Database powers apps built...
» more
Shopee (E-commerce) BookMyShow.com (E-commerce) Yiguo.com (E-commerce) JD Cloud &...
» more
Market metricsUsed by 100,000+ developers 2 bn installs Currently used in 40k+ applications in...
» more
25K+ GitHub Stars for TiDB, and 8K+ GitHub Stars for TiKV 1.6K+ members in TiDB Community...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsRealm database is licensed under the Apache License v2.0.
» more
Open Source Apache 2.0 with either commercial licensing or fully-hosted DB-as-a-service...
» more
News

How to Connect TiDB Cloud to Metabase
24 November 2021

KubeCon 2021 Q&A: PingCAP Recaps the Event and Explores Its HTAP Database
16 November 2021

How to Troubleshoot RocksDB Write Stalls in TiKV
12 November 2021

PingCAP Introduces Its New Developer Tier to Boost Application Innovation with TiDB Cloud
9 November 2021

TiDB Cloud Introduces Developer Tier
9 November 2021

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
Amazon NeptuneRealmSTSdbTiDB
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