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DBMS > Amazon Neptune vs. RDF4J vs. Weaviate

System Properties Comparison Amazon Neptune vs. RDF4J vs. Weaviate

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Neptune  Xexclude from comparisonRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame  Xexclude from comparisonWeaviate  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFast, reliable graph database built for the cloudRDF4J is a Java framework for processing RDF data, supporting both memory-based and a disk-based storage.A cloud-native, realtime vector search engine integrating scalable machine learning models
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
RDF storeSearch engine
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.82
Rank#108  Overall
#6  Graph DBMS
#4  RDF stores
Score0.73
Rank#204  Overall
#9  RDF stores
Score0.17
Rank#295  Overall
#19  Search engines
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­neptunerdf4j.orggithub.com/­semi-technologies/­weaviate
weaviate.io
Technical documentationaws.amazon.com/­neptune/­developer-resourcesrdf4j.org/­documentationweaviate.io/­developers/­weaviate/­current
DeveloperAmazonSince 2016 officially forked into an Eclipse project, former developer was Aduna Software.SeMI Technologies B.V.
Initial release201720042017
Current release1.0.3, January 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoEclipse Distribution License (EDL), v1.0.Open Source infocommercial license available with Weaviate Enterprise
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaGo
Server operating systemshostedLinux
OS X
Unix
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyes infoRDF Schemasyes, maps to GraphQL interface
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infostring, int, float, geo point, date, cross reference, fuzzy references
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesnoyesyes infoall data objects are indexed in a semantic vector space (the Contextionary), all primitive fields are indexed
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoGraphQL is used as query language
APIs and other access methodsRDF 1.1 / SPARQL 1.1
TinkerPop Gremlin 3.3
Java API
RIO infoRDF Input/Output
Sail API
SeRQL infoSesame RDF Query Language
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL
GraphQL query language
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languagesC#
Go
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Java
PHP
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyesno
Triggersnoyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenoneSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-availability zones high availability, asynchronous replication for up to 15 read replicasnoneyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infoIsolation support depends on the API usedno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infowith encyption-at-restyes infoin-memory storage is supported as wellyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)noOpenID Connect Discovery
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon NeptuneRDF4J infoformerly known as SesameWeaviate
Typical application scenariosAs a stand-alone vector search engine, or use one of the many modules (transformers,...
» more
Key customersA ll companies that have data. ​
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsWeaviate is open-source, and free to use. We also offer Fully managed Weaviate on...
» more

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More resources
Amazon NeptuneRDF4J infoformerly known as SesameWeaviate
DB-Engines blog posts

Weaviate, an ANN Database with CRUD support
2 February 2021,  Etienne Dilocker, SeMI Technologies (sponsor) 

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Recent citations in the news

TigerGraph unveils new tool for machine learning modeling
25 May 2022, TechTarget

Amazon Neptune update: Machine learning, data science, and the future of graph databases
30 July 2021, ZDNet

Here’s how you can predict graphs accurately, quickly, and securely with Amazon Neptune
2 November 2021, YourStory

Catching up with Amazon Neptune
26 November 2019, ZDNet

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22 March 2022, TechTarget

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SeMI Technologies’ search engine opens up new ways to query your data
22 February 2022, TechCrunch

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18 May 2020, hackernoon.com

Database technology evolves to combine machine learning and data storage
7 March 2022, VentureBeat

Weaviate Is A Search Engine For Vector Embeddings
11 May 2020, hackernoon.com

Open-source NLP company Deepset nabs $14M to power ‘plain-English’ enterprise search
28 April 2022, VentureBeat

provided by Google News

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