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DBMS > Amazon Neptune vs. OpenEdge vs. OrigoDB vs. Virtuoso

System Properties Comparison Amazon Neptune vs. OpenEdge vs. OrigoDB vs. Virtuoso

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Neptune  Xexclude from comparisonOpenEdge  Xexclude from comparisonOrigoDB  Xexclude from comparisonVirtuoso  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFast, reliable graph database built for the cloudApplication development environment with integrated database management systemA fully ACID in-memory object graph databaseVirtuoso is a multi-model hybrid-RDBMS that supports management of data represented as relational tables and/or property graphs
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMSDocument store
Object oriented DBMS
Graph DBMS
Native XML DBMS
Relational DBMS
RDF store
Search engine
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.82
Rank#119  Overall
#6  Graph DBMS
#4  RDF stores
Score3.91
Rank#77  Overall
#41  Relational DBMS
Score0.06
Rank#313  Overall
#41  Document stores
#17  Object oriented DBMS
Score2.86
Rank#89  Overall
#5  Graph DBMS
#3  Native XML DBMS
#44  Relational DBMS
#2  RDF stores
#9  Search engines
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­neptunewww.progress.com/­openedgeorigodb.comvirtuoso.openlinksw.com
Technical documentationaws.amazon.com/­neptune/­developer-resourcesdocumentation.progress.com/­output/­ua/­OpenEdge_latestorigodb.com/­docsdocs.openlinksw.com/­virtuoso
DeveloperAmazonProgress Software CorporationRobert Friberg et alOpenLink Software
Initial release201719842009 infounder the name LiveDB1998
Current releaseOpenEdge 11.7, March 20178.3, May 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen SourceOpen Source infoGPLv2, extended commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC#C
Server operating systemshostedAIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
Linux
Windows
AIX
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesyesyes infoSQL - Standard relational schema
RDF - Quad (S, P, O, G) or Triple (S, P, O)
XML - DTD, XML Schema
DAV - freeform filesystem objects, plus User Defined Types a/k/a Dynamic Extension Type
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesUser defined using .NET types and collectionsyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono infocan be achieved using .NETyes
Secondary indexesnoyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infoclose to SQL 92noyes infoSQL-92, SQL-200x, SQL-3, SQLX
APIs and other access methodsRDF 1.1 / SPARQL 1.1
TinkerPop Gremlin 3.3
JDBC
ODBC
.NET Client API
HTTP API
LINQ
ADO.NET
GeoSPARQL
HTTP API
JDBC
Jena RDF API
ODBC
OLE DB
RDF4J API
RESTful HTTP API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SOAP webservices
SPARQL 1.1
WebDAV
XPath
XQuery
XSLT
Supported programming languagesC#
Go
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Progress proprietary ABL (Advanced Business Language).Net.Net
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyesyesyes infoVirtuoso PL
Triggersnoyesyes infoDomain Eventsyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonehorizontal partitioning infosince Version 11.4horizontal partitioning infoclient side managed; servers are not synchronizedyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-availability zones high availability, asynchronous replication for up to 15 read replicasMaster-slave replicationMaster-slave replicationChain, star, and bi-directional replication
Master-master replication
Master-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsyesdepending on modelyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infowith encyption-at-restyesyes infoWrite ahead logyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)Users and groupsRole based authorizationFine-grained Attribute-Based Access Control (ABAC) in addition to typical coarse-grained Role-Based Access Control (RBAC) according to SQL-standard. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon NeptuneOpenEdgeOrigoDBVirtuoso
Specific characteristicsVirtuoso is a modern multi-model RDBMS for managing data represented as tabular relations...
» more
Competitive advantagesPerformance & Scale — as exemplified by DBpedia and the LOD Cloud it spawned, i.e.,...
» more
Typical application scenariosUsed for — Analytics/BI Conceptual Data Virtualization Enterprise Knowledge Graphs...
» more
Key customersBroad use across enterprises and governments including — European Union (EU) US Government...
» more
Market metricsLargest installed-base ​of Multi-Model RDBMS for AI-friendly Knowledge Graphs Platform...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsAvailable in both Commercial Enterprise and Open Source (GPL v2) Editions Feature...
» more

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More resources
Amazon NeptuneOpenEdgeOrigoDBVirtuoso
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