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DBMS > Amazon Neptune vs. Neo4j vs. OrientDB vs. Tarantool

System Properties Comparison Amazon Neptune vs. Neo4j vs. OrientDB vs. Tarantool

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Neptune  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonOrientDB  Xexclude from comparisonTarantool  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFast, reliable graph database built for the cloudScalable, ACID-compliant graph database designed with a high-performance distributed cluster architecture, available in self-hosted and cloud offeringsMulti-model DBMS (Document, Graph, Key/Value)In-memory database with an integrated application server
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Graph DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Key-value store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Relational DBMS
Spatial DBMS infowith Tarantool/GIS extension
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.63
Rank#108  Overall
#7  Graph DBMS
#5  RDF stores
Score58.03
Rank#20  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score4.56
Rank#80  Overall
#13  Document stores
#5  Graph DBMS
#12  Key-value stores
Score1.58
Rank#137  Overall
#25  Key-value stores
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­neptuneneo4j.comorientdb.orgwww.tarantool.io
Technical documentationaws.amazon.com/­neptune/­developer-resourcesneo4j.com/­docswww.orientdb.com/­docs/­last/­index.htmlwww.tarantool.io/­en/­doc
DeveloperAmazonNeo4j, Inc.OrientDB LTD; CallidusCloud; SAPMail.ru Group
Initial release2017200720102008
Current release4.4.3, January 20223.1.9, February 20212.4.2, July 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Neo4j Aura: Neo4j’s fully managed cloud service: The zero-admin, always-on graph database for cloud developers.
Implementation languageJava, ScalaJavaC and C++
Server operating systemshostedLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
All OS with a Java JDK (>= JDK 6)BSD
Linux
macOS
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free and schema-optionalschema-free infoSchema can be enforced for whole record ("schema-full") or for some fields only ("schema-hybrid")schema-free, schema definition possible
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesstring, double, decimal, uuid, integer, blob, boolean
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesnoyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoSQL-like query language, no joinsFull-featured ANSI SQL support
APIs and other access methodsRDF 1.1 / SPARQL 1.1
TinkerPop Gremlin 3.3
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
Tinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Open binary protocol
Supported programming languagesC#
Go
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C
C#
C++
Erlang
Go
Java
JavaScript
Lua
Perl
PHP
Python
Rust
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes infoUser defined Procedures and FunctionsJava, JavascriptLua, C and SQL stored procedures
Triggersnoyes infovia event handlerHooksyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneyes using Neo4j FabricShardingHash sharding based on virtual buckets
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-availability zones high availability, asynchronous replication for up to 15 read replicasCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyMulti-source replicationMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono infocould be achieved with distributed queries
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsyes infoRelationships in graphsyes inforelationship in graphsyes, with SQL
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACID, read commited
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes, cooperative multitasking
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infowith encyption-at-restyesyesyes, regular snapshots on disk, write ahead logging
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes, full featured in-memory storage engine with persistence
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)Users, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)Access rights for users and roles; record level security configurableAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon NeptuneNeo4jOrientDBTarantool
Specific characteristicsNeo4j delivers graph technology that has been battle tested for performance and scale...
» more
Competitive advantagesNeo4j is the market leader, graph database category creator, and the most widely...
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersOver 800 commercial customers and over 4300 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than 140 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
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More resources
Amazon NeptuneNeo4jOrientDBTarantool
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