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DBMS > Amazon Neptune vs. Neo4j vs. OrientDB

System Properties Comparison Amazon Neptune vs. Neo4j vs. OrientDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Neptune  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonOrientDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFast, reliable graph database built for the cloudScalable, ACID-compliant graph database designed with a high-performance distributed cluster architecture, available in self-hosted and cloud offeringsMulti-model DBMS (Document, Graph, Key/Value)
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Graph DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.09
Rank#103  Overall
#6  Graph DBMS
#3  RDF stores
Score59.35
Rank#19  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score5.21
Rank#78  Overall
#15  Document stores
#5  Graph DBMS
#12  Key-value stores
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­neptuneneo4j.comorientdb.org
Technical documentationaws.amazon.com/­neptune/­developer-resourcesneo4j.com/­docswww.orientdb.com/­docs/­last/­index.html
DeveloperAmazonNeo4j, Inc.OrientDB LTD; CallidusCloud; SAP
Initial release201720072010
Current release4.4.9, July 20223.1.9, February 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoApache version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Neo4j Aura: Neo4j’s fully managed cloud service: The zero-admin, always-on graph database for cloud developers.
Implementation languageJava, ScalaJava
Server operating systemshostedLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
All OS with a Java JDK (>= JDK 6)
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free and schema-optionalschema-free infoSchema can be enforced for whole record ("schema-full") or for some fields only ("schema-hybrid")
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesnoyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoSQL-like query language, no joins
APIs and other access methodsRDF 1.1 / SPARQL 1.1
TinkerPop Gremlin 3.3
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
Tinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languagesC#
Go
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes infoUser defined Procedures and FunctionsJava, Javascript
Triggersnoyes infovia event handlerHooks
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneyes using Neo4j FabricSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-availability zones high availability, asynchronous replication for up to 15 read replicasCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyMulti-source replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono infocould be achieved with distributed queries
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsyes infoRelationships in graphsyes inforelationship in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infowith encyption-at-restyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)Users, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)Access rights for users and roles; record level security configurable
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon NeptuneNeo4jOrientDB
Specific characteristicsNeo4j delivers graph technology that has been battle tested for performance and scale...
» more
Competitive advantagesNeo4j is the market leader, graph database category creator, and the most widely...
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersOver 800 commercial customers and over 4300 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than 140 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
News

From Collected Data to Connected Data: How Knowledge Graphs Are Changing the World
5 August 2022

Empowering Employees With Graph Technology
1 August 2022

This Week in Neo4j: Graph Data Science, Microservices, Java, Chatbot, PHP, Spring Data, and More
30 July 2022

How Graphs Crystallize Connections: The 5-Minute Interview With Brandon Campbell
27 July 2022

Graphs for Cybersecurity: Knowledge Graph as Digital Twin
26 July 2022

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesGraphable delivers expert services for Neo4j and other Graph DBMS.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Amazon NeptuneNeo4jOrientDB
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Recent citations in the news

Amazon announces general availability of its Graph Database called Neptune
29 July 2022, Analytics India Magazine

How graph databases took over relationship mapping
19 July 2022, The Register

Amazon Neptune update: Machine learning, data science, and the future of graph databases
30 July 2021, ZDNet

Here’s how you can predict graphs accurately, quickly, and securely with Amazon Neptune
2 November 2021, YourStory

Catching up with Amazon Neptune
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Neo4j hosts Graph Data Summit in Bangalore
27 July 2022, Express Computer

Announcing Neo4j GraphSummit 2022
23 June 2022, PR Newswire

Neo4j and the International Consortium of Investigative Journalists (ICIJ) Announce the 2022 Connected Data Fellowship
18 May 2022, PR Newswire

Graph Database Market Future Forecasts Evaluated Based on Industry Player Investment Strategies – Shanghaiist
4 August 2022, Shanghaiist

Neo4j Closes Banner Year Marked by Customer Successes, Continued Industry Validation, Community Engagement, and Major Funding
25 January 2022, PR Newswire

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Graph Database Market Future Forecasts Evaluated Based on Industry Player Investment Strategies – Shanghaiist
4 August 2022, Shanghaiist

Graph Database Market Size, Scope, Growth Opportunities, Trends by Manufacturers And Forecast to 2029
27 July 2022, This Is Ardee

CallidusCloud Acquires Leading Multi-Model Database Technology
19 September 2017, GlobeNewswire

The 12 Best Graph Databases to Consider for 2022
22 December 2021, Solutions Review

The untapped potential of HPC + graph computing
30 October 2021, VentureBeat

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