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DBMS > Amazon Neptune vs. Neo4j vs. NuoDB

System Properties Comparison Amazon Neptune vs. Neo4j vs. NuoDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Neptune  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonNuoDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFast, reliable graph database built for the cloudScalable, ACID-compliant graph database designed with a high-performance distributed cluster architecture, available in self-hosted and cloud offeringsNuoDB is a webscale distributed database that supports SQL and ACID transactions
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Graph DBMSRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.89
Rank#111  Overall
#7  Graph DBMS
#4  RDF stores
Score57.34
Rank#20  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score1.20
Rank#181  Overall
#89  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­neptuneneo4j.comnuodb.com
Technical documentationaws.amazon.com/­neptune/­developer-resourcesneo4j.com/­docsdoc.nuodb.com
DeveloperAmazonNeo4j, Inc.NuoDB, Inc.
Initial release201720072013
Current release5.2, November 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availablecommercial infolimited edition free
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Neo4j Aura: Neo4j’s fully managed cloud service: The zero-admin, always-on graph database for cloud developers.
Implementation languageJava, ScalaC++
Server operating systemshostedLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
hosted infoAmazon EC2, Windows Azure, SoftLayer
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free and schema-optionalyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesnoyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoyes
APIs and other access methodsRDF 1.1 / SPARQL 1.1
TinkerPop Gremlin 3.3
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC#
Go
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes infoUser defined Procedures and FunctionsJava, SQL
Triggersnoyes infovia event handleryes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneyes using Neo4j Fabricdata is dynamically stored/cached on the nodes where it is read/written
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-availability zones high availability, asynchronous replication for up to 15 read replicasCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyyes infoManaged transparently by NuoDB
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsyes infoRelationships in graphsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID infotunable commit protocol
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infoMVCC
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infowith encyption-at-restyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoTemporary table
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)Users, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)Standard SQL roles/ privileges, Administrative Users
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon NeptuneNeo4jNuoDB
Specific characteristicsNeo4j delivers graph technology that has been battle tested for performance and scale...
» more
Competitive advantagesNeo4j is the market leader, graph database category creator, and the most widely...
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersOver 800 commercial customers and over 4300 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than 140 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
News

This Week in Neo4j: NODES Session Recordings, Connection in Large Data Sets, Graph ML Systems, Next.js, Graph Embeddings, Bitcoin, and More
3 December 2022

Telstra’s Neo4j Graphie Award for Excellence in Data Discovery: Why Neo4j?
2 December 2022

20 NODES 2022 Talks You Don’t Want to Miss
29 November 2022

Neo4j Workspace: Available on Aura Free and Professional
23 November 2022

Neo4j Announces a New Continuous Release & Support Model for Neo4j 5
23 November 2022

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesGraphable delivers expert services for Neo4j and other Graph DBMS.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Amazon NeptuneNeo4jNuoDB
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