DBMS > Amazon Neptune vs. MySQL vs. Tkrzw
System Properties Comparison Amazon Neptune vs. MySQL vs. Tkrzw
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|Editorial information provided by DB-Engines|
|Name||Amazon Neptune Xexclude from comparison||MySQL Xexclude from comparison||Tkrzw Successor of Tokyo Cabinet and Kyoto Cabinet Xexclude from comparison|
|Description||Fast, reliable graph database built for the cloud||Widely used open source RDBMS||A concept of libraries, allowing an application program to store and query key-value pairs in a file. Successor of Tokyo Cabinet and Kyoto Cabinet|
|Primary database model||Graph DBMS|
|Relational DBMS Key/Value like access via memcached API||Key-value store|
|Secondary database models||Document store|
|Developer||Amazon||Oracle since 2010, originally MySQL AB, then Sun||Mikio Hirabayashi|
|Current release||8.0.29, April 2022||0.9.3, August 2020|
|License Commercial or Open Source||commercial||Open Source GPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are available||Open Source Apache Version 2.0|
|Cloud-based only Only available as a cloud service||yes||no||no|
|DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) Database as a Service|
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|ScaleGrid for MySQL: Fully managed MySQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.|
|Implementation language||C and C++||C++|
|Server operating systems||hosted||FreeBSD|
|Typing predefined data types such as float or date||yes||yes||no|
|XML support Some form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.||no||yes||no|
|SQL Support of SQL||no||yes with proprietary extensions||no|
|APIs and other access methods||RDF 1.1 / SPARQL 1.1|
TinkerPop Gremlin 3.3
Proprietary native API
|Supported programming languages||C#|
|Server-side scripts Stored procedures||no||yes proprietary syntax||no|
|Partitioning methods Methods for storing different data on different nodes||none||horizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabric||none|
|Replication methods Methods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodes||Multi-availability zones high availability, asynchronous replication for up to 15 read replicas||Multi-source replication|
|MapReduce Offers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methods||no||no||no|
|Consistency concepts Methods to ensure consistency in a distributed system||Immediate Consistency||Immediate Consistency||Immediate Consistency|
|Foreign keys Referential integrity||yes Relationships in graphs||yes not for MyISAM storage engine||no|
|Transaction concepts Support to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of data||ACID||ACID not for MyISAM storage engine|
|Concurrency Support for concurrent manipulation of data||yes||yes table locks or row locks depending on storage engine||yes|
|Durability Support for making data persistent||yes with encyption-at-rest||yes||yes|
|In-memory capabilities Is there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.||yes||yes using specific database classes|
|User concepts Access control||Access rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)||Users with fine-grained authorization concept no user groups or roles||no|
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|Amazon Neptune||MySQL||Tkrzw Successor of Tokyo Cabinet and Kyoto Cabinet|
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