DB-EnginesInfluxDB: Focus on building software with an easy-to-use serverless, scalable time series platformEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Amazon Neptune vs. MySQL vs. Postgres-XL

System Properties Comparison Amazon Neptune vs. MySQL vs. Postgres-XL

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Neptune  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonPostgres-XL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFast, reliable graph database built for the cloudWidely used open source RDBMSBased on PostgreSQL enhanced with MPP and write-scale-out cluster features
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.40
Rank#103  Overall
#6  Graph DBMS
#4  RDF stores
Score1205.38
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score0.86
Rank#212  Overall
#103  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­neptunewww.mysql.comwww.postgres-xl.org
Technical documentationaws.amazon.com/­neptune/­developer-resourcesdev.mysql.com/­docwww.postgres-xl.org/­documentation
DeveloperAmazonOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then Sun
Initial release201719952014 infosince 2012, originally named StormDB
Current release8.0.30, July 202210 R1, October 2018
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availableOpen Source infoMozilla public license
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ScaleGrid for MySQL: Fully managed MySQL hosting On-Premises and on a wide variety of cloud providers. Easily deploy, monitor, provision, and scale your deployments in the cloud.
Implementation languageC and C++C
Server operating systemshostedFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
macOS
Data schemeschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesyes infoXML type, but no XML query functionality
Secondary indexesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes infodistributed, parallel query execution
APIs and other access methodsRDF 1.1 / SPARQL 1.1
TinkerPop Gremlin 3.3
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesC#
Go
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Erlang
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes infoproprietary syntaxuser defined functions
Triggersnoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonehorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabrichorizontal partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-availability zones high availability, asynchronous replication for up to 15 read replicasMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID infoMVCC
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infowith encyption-at-restyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)Users with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

More information provided by the system vendor

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesNavicat for MySQL is the ideal solution for MySQL/MariaDB administration and development.
» more

Percona: Database problems? Not on your watch.
Databases run better with Percona.
» more

CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

DbVisualizer is equipping database professionals with the tools they need to build, manage and maintain state-of-the-art database technologies. It has sky-high user satisfaction and is the preferred tool for database professionals around the world. Customers include Tesla, Apple, Facebook, Deutsche Bank, NASA, and 25,000 others in 145 countries.
» more

SQLFlow: Provides a visual representation of the overall flow of data. Automated SQL data lineage analysis across Databases, ETL, Business Intelligence, Cloud and Hadoop environments by parsing SQL Script and stored procedure.
» more

Arctype: A fast, beautiful database GUI for developers and teams. Download it for free today.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Amazon NeptuneMySQLPostgres-XL
DB-Engines blog posts

MySQL is the DBMS of the Year 2019
3 January 2020, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

MariaDB strengthens its position in the open source RDBMS market
5 April 2018, Matthias Gelbmann

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

show all

Recent citations in the news

Microsoft Dataverse, scikit-learn Pipeline Tutorial, NLP Bundle.
23 September 2022, Packt Hub

Amazon announces general availability of its Graph Database called Neptune
29 July 2022, Analytics India Magazine

Amazon Neptune update: Machine learning, data science, and the future of graph databases
30 July 2021, ZDNet

Here’s how you can predict graphs accurately, quickly, and securely with Amazon Neptune
2 November 2021, YourStory

AWS releases Amazon Neptune to help health organizations build apps
1 June 2018, Healthcare IT News

provided by Google News

Oracle SVP Nipun Agarwal on MySQL HeatWave | eWEEK
4 October 2022, eWeek

mariadb vs. MySQL
12 September 2022, Database Journal

Inside Oracle’s partnership with AMD to boost MySQL HeatWave performance
22 September 2022, SiliconANGLE News

MySQL Performance Tuning: Top 5 Tips for Blazing Fast Queries
3 October 2022, HackRead

How to Migrate an Oracle Database to MySQL Using AWS Database Migration Service
7 September 2022, InfoQ.com

provided by Google News

Building a scalable PostgreSQL solution
14 April 2019, Packt Hub

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Amazon Neptune - Core Engine Development, Amazon Neptune
Amazon Dev Center U.S., Inc., Bellevue, WA

Amazon Neptune - Software Dev Engineer
Amazon Web Services, Inc., Sunnyvale, CA

Amazon Neptune - Software Dev Engineer
Amazon Web Services, Inc., Bellevue, WA

Applied Scientist Graph Query Planning and Optimization, Amazon Neptune
Amazon Dev Center U.S., Inc., Seattle, WA

Software Development Engineer - Storage and Performance, Amazon Neptune (AWS)
Amazon Dev Center U.S., Inc., East Palo Alto, CA

A&R Representative
OtterTune, United States

Developer (PHP Laravel, MySQL,VUE.JS, REACT)
US Ghost Adventures, Remote

Senior MySQL Database Admin
findhelp, Remote

PHP/MySQL Developer
VS Media, Westlake Village, CA

Senior Database Administrator (SQL/ MariaDB/ MySQL)
Sabre, Dallas-Fort Worth, TX

Database Administrator / SQL Developer
Semantic AI, San Diego, CA

jobs by Indeed



Share this page

Featured Products

Neo4j logo

Neo4j NODES 2022
Free online conference for developers and data scientists.
November 16/17 2022.
Register now for free!

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Redis logo

The world’s most loved real‑time data platform.
Try free

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 80GB free.

Vertica logo

Vertica Accelerator. The fastest analytics and machine learning, delivered as SaaS, with automated setup, administration, and management. Free trial.

Present your product here