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DBMS > Amazon Neptune vs. MySQL vs. Oracle Rdb

System Properties Comparison Amazon Neptune vs. MySQL vs. Oracle Rdb

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Neptune  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonOracle Rdb  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFast, reliable graph database built for the cloudWidely used open source RDBMS
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.15
Rank#119  Overall
#6  Graph DBMS
#4  RDF stores
Score1261.57
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score1.25
Rank#149  Overall
#72  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­neptunewww.mysql.comwww.oracle.com/­technetwork/­database/­database-technologies/­rdb/­overview/­index.html
Technical documentationaws.amazon.com/­neptune/­developer-resourcesdev.mysql.com/­doc
DeveloperAmazonOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunOracle, originally developed by Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC)
Initial release201719951984
Current release8.0.21, 20207.3.3.2.0, 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC and C++
Server operating systemshostedFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
HP Open VMS
Data schemeschema-freeyesFlexible Schema (defined schema, partial schema, schema free)
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesno
Secondary indexesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes
APIs and other access methodsRDF 1.1 / SPARQL 1.1
TinkerPop Gremlin 3.3
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
Supported programming languagesC#
Go
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes infoproprietary syntax
Triggersnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonehorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabric
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-availability zones high availability, asynchronous replication for up to 15 read replicasMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineyes, on a single node
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infowith encyption-at-restyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)Users with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or roles

More information provided by the system vendor

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More resources
Amazon NeptuneMySQLOracle Rdb
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Job opportunities

Amazon Neptune - Software Dev Engineer
Amazon.com Services LLC, Seattle, WA

Amazon Neptune - Senior Software Development Engineer
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Technology and Technical Lead
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