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DBMS > Amazon Neptune vs. MySQL

System Properties Comparison Amazon Neptune vs. MySQL

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Our visitors often compare Amazon Neptune and MySQL with Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB, Neo4j and Amazon DynamoDB.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Neptune  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFast, reliable graph database built for the cloudWidely used open source RDBMS
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached API
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.64
Rank#130  Overall
#7  Graph DBMS
#4  RDF stores
Score1253.68
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­neptunewww.mysql.com
Technical documentationaws.amazon.com/­neptune/­developer-resourcesdev.mysql.com/­doc
DeveloperAmazonOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then Sun
Initial release20171995
Current release8.0.17, July 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • Google Cloud SQL: A fully-managed database service for the Google Cloud Platform
  • Azure Database for MySQL: A fully managed, scalable MySQL relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
Implementation languageC and C++
Server operating systemshostedFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes
Secondary indexesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infowith proprietary extensions
APIs and other access methodsRDF 1.1 / SPARQL 1.1
TinkerPop Gremlin 3.3
Proprietary native API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC#
Go
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes infoproprietary syntax
Triggersnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonehorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabric
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-availability zones high availability, asynchronous replication for up to 15 read replicasMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsyes infonot for MyISAM storage engine
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infonot for MyISAM storage engine
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engine
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infowith encyption-at-restyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)Users with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or roles

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More resources
Amazon NeptuneMySQL
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