DB-EnginesInfluxDB download bannerEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Amazon Neptune vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Stardog

System Properties Comparison Amazon Neptune vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Stardog

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Neptune  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFast, reliable graph database built for the cloudMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSEnterprise Knowledge Graph platform and graph DBMS with high availability, high performance reasoning, and virtualization
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.94
Rank#118  Overall
#8  Graph DBMS
#5  RDF stores
Score992.66
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score1.71
Rank#126  Overall
#10  Graph DBMS
#6  RDF stores
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­neptunewww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.stardog.com
Technical documentationaws.amazon.com/­neptune/­developer-resourcesdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverdocs.stardog.com
DeveloperAmazonMicrosoftStardog-Union
Initial release201719892010
Current releaseSQL Server 2019, November 20197.3.0, May 2020
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/students
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++Java
Server operating systemshostedLinux
Windows
Linux
macOS
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesno infoImport/export of XML data possible
Secondary indexesnoyesyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatial
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyesYes, compatible with all major SQL variants through dedicated BI/SQL Server
APIs and other access methodsRDF 1.1 / SPARQL 1.1
TinkerPop Gremlin 3.3
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languagesC#
Go
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javauser defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Java
Triggersnoyesyes infovia event handlers
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonetables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-availability zones high availability, asynchronous replication for up to 15 read replicasyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionMulti-source replication in HA-Cluster
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency in HA-Cluster
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsyesyes inforelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infowith encyption-at-restyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon NeptuneMicrosoft SQL ServerStardog
Specific characteristicsStardog is an Enterprise Knowledge Graph platform, uniquely combining graph storage...
» more
Competitive advantagesStardog provides a full featureset to aid in data integration for your complex data....
» more
Typical application scenariosStardog is frequently used for: Anti-money laundering & fraud monitoring Customer...
» more
Key customersBosch, Dow Jones, Elsevier, Ericsson, Morgan Stanley, NASA, NIH, Nokia, Salesforce,...
» more
Market metricsStardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsA fully-featured 60-day Trial license is available for those testing Stardog; contact...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesNavicat for SQL Server gives you a fully graphical approach to database management and development.
» more

DBHawk: Secure access to SQL, NoSQL and Cloud databases with an all-in-one solution.
» more

Fivetran: Quickly and easily centralize your on-premise and cloud databases.
» more

Navicat Monitor is a safe, simple and agentless remote server monitoring tool for SQL Server and many other database management systems.
» more

General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Amazon NeptuneMicrosoft SQL ServerStardog
DB-Engines blog posts

MySQL is the DBMS of the Year 2019
3 January 2020, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

Microsoft SQL Server is the DBMS of the Year
4 January 2017, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

show all

Recent citations in the news

Dgraph GraphQL database users detail graph use cases
20 April 2021, TechTarget

The Knowledge Graph expands as discipline’s conference spreads its wings
7 May 2021, ZDNet

Pulumi cloud engineering boosts dev infrastructure control
20 April 2021, TechTarget

Catching up with Amazon Neptune
26 November 2019, ZDNet

Amazon unveils dozens of machine learning tools
9 December 2020, TechRepublic

provided by Google News

Unisys Earns the Windows Server and SQL Server Migration to Microsoft Azure Advanced Specialization
5 May 2021, PRNewswire

Principled Technologies Publishes Comparison Study on SQL Server OLTP Performance from Two Configurations of Dell EMC PowerEdge R6525 Servers
11 May 2021, IT News Online

Storage 101 for Azure SQL and SQL Server Engineers | Data Exposed - Microsoft
27 April 2021, Channel 9

Ubuntu 21.04 launches with support for Active Directory and SQL Server
23 April 2021, TechRepublic

Top Tips To Make SQL Server Run Faster on Azure VMs
14 April 2021, Redmondmag.com

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Database Administrator
Byte Systems, McLean, VA

Database Administrator
CACI, McLean, VA

Software Engineer - Data - AWS EMR - Climate Impact Team
Fannie Mae, Washington, DC

Amazon Neptune - Software Dev Engineer
Amazon Dev Center U.S., Inc., East Palo Alto, CA

Amazon Neptune, Product Leader
Amazon Dev Center U.S., Inc., Seattle, WA

SQL Server DBA
Viviente Software, Floresville, TX

Sql Server DBA
PSCI, Newark, DE

SQL Server Database Administrator
NTT DATA Services, Plano, TX

SQL Server Database Administrators
Ziras Technologies, Newark, DE

SQL Server Database Adminstrator
Newberry College, Newberry, SC

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products

Vertica logo

The fastest unified analytical warehouse at extreme scale with in-database Machine Learning. Try Vertica for free with no time limit.

Neo4j logo

Get your free copy of the new O'Reilly book Graph Algorithms with 20+ examples for
machine learning, graph analytics and more.

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 5 GB free..

Present your product here