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DBMS > Amazon Neptune vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Postgres-XL

System Properties Comparison Amazon Neptune vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Postgres-XL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Neptune  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonPostgres-XL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFast, reliable graph database built for the cloudMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSBased on PostgreSQL enhanced with MPP and write-scale-out cluster features
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.09
Rank#107  Overall
#6  Graph DBMS
#4  RDF stores
Score912.51
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score0.87
Rank#217  Overall
#104  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­neptunewww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.postgres-xl.org
Technical documentationaws.amazon.com/­neptune/­developer-resourcesdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverwww.postgres-xl.org/­documentation
DeveloperAmazonMicrosoft
Initial release201719892014 infosince 2012, originally named StormDB
Current releaseSQL Server 2019, November 201910 R1, October 2018
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoMozilla public license
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++C
Server operating systemshostedLinux
Windows
Linux
macOS
Data schemeschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesyes infoXML type, but no XML query functionality
Secondary indexesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyesyes infodistributed, parallel query execution
APIs and other access methodsRDF 1.1 / SPARQL 1.1
TinkerPop Gremlin 3.3
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesC#
Go
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Erlang
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javauser defined functions
Triggersnoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonetables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationhorizontal partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-availability zones high availability, asynchronous replication for up to 15 read replicasyes, but depending on the SQL-Server Edition
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID infoMVCC
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infowith encyption-at-restyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

More information provided by the system vendor

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More resources
Amazon NeptuneMicrosoft SQL ServerPostgres-XL
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