DB-EnginesExtremeDB: is hard real time possible with a dbms?English
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Amazon Neptune vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Oracle vs. Percona Server for MongoDB vs. Postgres-XL

System Properties Comparison Amazon Neptune vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Oracle vs. Percona Server for MongoDB vs. Postgres-XL

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Neptune  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparisonPercona Server for MongoDB  Xexclude from comparisonPostgres-XL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFast, reliable graph database built for the cloudMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSWidely used RDBMSA drop-in replacement for MongoDB Community Edition with enterprise-grade features.Based on PostgreSQL enhanced with MPP and write-scale-out cluster features
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMSRelational DBMSDocument storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Spatial DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Document store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.63
Rank#108  Overall
#7  Graph DBMS
#5  RDF stores
Score944.81
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score1266.89
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Score0.63
Rank#215  Overall
#32  Document stores
Score0.72
Rank#204  Overall
#99  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­neptunewww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.oracle.com/­databasewww.percona.com/­software/­mongodb/­percona-server-for-mongodbwww.postgres-xl.org
Technical documentationaws.amazon.com/­neptune/­developer-resourcesdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverdocs.oracle.com/­en/­databasewww.percona.com/­doc/­percona-server-for-mongodb/­LATEST/­index.htmlwww.postgres-xl.org/­documentation
DeveloperAmazonMicrosoftOraclePercona
Initial release20171989198020152014 infosince 2012, originally named StormDB
Current releaseSQL Server 2019, November 201919c, February 20193.4.10-2.10, November 201710 R1, October 2018
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoGPL Version 2Open Source infoMozilla public license
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++C and C++C++C
Server operating systemshostedLinux
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
LinuxLinux
macOS
Data schemeschema-freeyesyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columnsschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesyesnoyes infoXML type, but no XML query functionality
Secondary indexesnoyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyesyes infowith proprietary extensionsnoyes infodistributed, parallel query execution
APIs and other access methodsRDF 1.1 / SPARQL 1.1
TinkerPop Gremlin 3.3
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
proprietary protocol using JSONADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesC#
Go
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
Actionscript
C
C#
C++
Clojure
ColdFusion
D
Dart
Delphi
Erlang
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Perl
PHP
PowerShell
Prolog
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Smalltalk
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Erlang
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) JavaPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possibleJavaScriptuser defined functions
Triggersnoyesyesnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonetables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationSharding, horizontal partitioningShardinghorizontal partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-availability zones high availability, asynchronous replication for up to 15 read replicasyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono infocan be realized in PL/SQLyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsyesyesnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID infoisolation level can be parameterizednoACID infoMVCC
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infowith encyption-at-restyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'yes infovia In-Memory Engineno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

More information provided by the system vendor

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesNavicat Monitor is a safe, simple and agentless remote server monitoring tool for SQL Server and many other database management systems.
» more

SQLFlow: Provides a visual representation of the overall flow of data. Automated SQL data lineage analysis across Databases, ETL, Business Intelligence, Cloud and Hadoop environments by parsing SQL Script and stored procedure.
» more

Navicat for SQL Server gives you a fully graphical approach to database management and development.
» more

DBHawk: Secure access to SQL, NoSQL and Cloud databases with an all-in-one solution.
» more

Fivetran: Quickly and easily centralize your on-premise and cloud databases.
» more
SQLFlow: Provides a visual representation of the overall flow of data. Automated SQL data lineage analysis across Databases, ETL, Business Intelligence, Cloud and Hadoop environments by parsing SQL Script and stored procedure.
» more

Fivetran: Quickly and easily centralize your on-premise and cloud databases.
» more

Navicat for Oracle improves the efficiency and productivity of Oracle developers and administrators with a streamlined working environment.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Amazon NeptuneMicrosoft SQL ServerOraclePercona Server for MongoDBPostgres-XL
DB-Engines blog posts

MySQL is the DBMS of the Year 2019
3 January 2020, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

Microsoft SQL Server is the DBMS of the Year
4 January 2017, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

show all

MySQL is the DBMS of the Year 2019
3 January 2020, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

Architecting eCommerce Platforms for Zero Downtime on Black Friday and Beyond
25 November 2016, Tony Branson (guest author)

show all

Recent citations in the news

Amazon Neptune update: Machine learning, data science, and the future of graph databases
30 July 2021, ZDNet

Here’s how you can predict graphs accurately, quickly, and securely with Amazon Neptune
1 November 2021, YourStory

Catching up with Amazon Neptune
26 November 2019, ZDNet

Looking under the hood at Amazon Neptune
5 April 2018, ZDNet

Amazon Neptune is here: 6 ways customers use the AWS graph database
31 May 2018, TechRepublic

provided by Google News

How to Download Microsoft SQL Server 2019 on Windows 11
27 January 2022, BollyInside

High Availability for Containerized SQL Server in K8s
24 January 2022, Container Journal

Senior SQL Server Developer
28 January 2022, IT-Online

PureCM Supports SQL Server with Current Release of its Version Control Solution
31 July 2010, Database Journal

SQL Server Transformation Market Size, Business Opportunities and Forecast to 2029 – The Oxford Spokesman
28 January 2022, The Oxford Spokesman

provided by Google News

IBM Preconfigures Power System Racks Running Oracle Database
17 January 2022, IT Jungle

New Oracle Cloud Infrastructure Services Authorized for the US Government
24 January 2022, HPCwire

Should You Buy Oracle Corporation (ORCL) Stock on Thursday?
27 January 2022, InvestorsObserver

Can Oracle make Cerner's EHR sing? CIOs and analysts chime in
21 January 2022, Healthcare IT News

Oracle opens Johannesburg cloud region as demand for data centres grows
21 January 2022, CIO

provided by Google News

Women in Tech: "Study, attend online and local conferences"
19 January 2022, JAXenter

Percona Launches Updated MongoDB Server, Bolsters MySQL Encryption
24 April 2018, eWeek

Percona takes first steps toward hybrid cloud
12 May 2021, ZDNet

Why Percona wants your database to be open source, and not everyone is happy about it
14 September 2020, TechRepublic

Dev's PostgreSQL experiment probes possibility of zero-downtime schema migration
12 January 2022, The Register

provided by Google News

Building a scalable PostgreSQL solution
14 April 2019, Packt Hub

When PostgreSQL Doesn't Scale Well Enough
18 April 2016, DZone News

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Amazon Neptune, Product Leader
Amazon Dev Center U.S., Inc., Seattle, WA

Front End Engineer: Amazon Neptune Workbench
Amazon Dev Center U.S., Inc., Seattle, WA

Applied Scientist Graph Query Planning and Optimization, Amazon Neptune
Amazon Dev Center U.S., Inc., Seattle, WA

Software Dev Engineer - Amazon Neptune Platform
Amazon Dev Center U.S., Inc., Seattle, WA

Software Dev Engineer: Amazon Neptune Workbench
Amazon Dev Center U.S., Inc., Seattle, WA

SQL Server Developer
WorkCog, Remote

Sr. SQL Server DBA
XTIVIA, Inc., Remote

SQL Server Developer
Spruce, New York, NY

SQL Server DBA
Volto Consulting, Remote

Azure SQL Server DBA
Mid America Mortgage, Remote

ORACLE DATABASE ADMINISTRATORS
TIMESQUARE IT, Peachtree Corners, GA

Database Administrator
City of Carrollton, Carrollton, TX

Oracle Database Administrator 3/Senior Oracle Database Administrator
MidAmerican Energy, Las Vegas, NV

Database Administrator
Peraton, Landover, MD

Database Administrator (Oracle Applications)
Garmin, Olathe, KS

DevOps Systems Administrator
Aces Incorporated, Annapolis Junction, MD

MySQL DBA I
Percona, Remote

Technical Writer - Open Source Solutions (remote)
Percona, Portland, OR

DevOps Systems Administrator
EverWatch, Annapolis Junction, MD

Sr. Database Architect
Adobe, San Jose, CA

jobs by Indeed



Share this page

Featured Products

Couchbase logo

The modern database for enterprise applications. Build fast. Scale Big. Save more.
Get started today.

Neo4j logo

See for yourself how a graph database can make your life easier.
Use Neo4j online for free.

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 80GB free.

Present your product here