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DBMS > Amazon Neptune vs. Microsoft Azure Table Storage vs. Realm vs. TiDB

System Properties Comparison Amazon Neptune vs. Microsoft Azure Table Storage vs. Realm vs. TiDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Neptune  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Table Storage  Xexclude from comparisonRealm  Xexclude from comparisonTiDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFast, reliable graph database built for the cloudA Wide Column Store for rapid development using massive semi-structured datasetsA DBMS built for use on mobile devices that’s a fast, easy to use alternative to SQLite and Core DataTiDB is an open source distributed Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) database that supports MySQL and Spark SQL syntaxes.
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Wide column storeDocument storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.81
Rank#119  Overall
#6  Graph DBMS
#4  RDF stores
Score4.85
Rank#63  Overall
#5  Wide column stores
Score8.54
Rank#45  Overall
#8  Document stores
Score1.56
Rank#125  Overall
#62  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­neptuneazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­storage/­tablesrealm.iopingcap.com
Technical documentationaws.amazon.com/­neptune/­developer-resourcesrealm.io/­docspingcap.com/­docs
DeveloperAmazonMicrosoftRealm, acquired by MongoDB in May 2019PingCAP, Inc.
Initial release2017201220142016
Current release3.0.0, June 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageGo, Rust
Server operating systemshostedhostedAndroid
Backend: server-less
iOS
Windows
Linux
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono
Secondary indexesnonoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnononoyes
APIs and other access methodsRDF 1.1 / SPARQL 1.1
TinkerPop Gremlin 3.3
RESTful HTTP APIJDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
Supported programming languagesC#
Go
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
Java infowith Android only
Objective-C
React Native
Swift
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonono inforuns within the applications so server-side scripts are unnecessaryno
Triggersnonoyes infoChange Listenersno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicenonehorizontal partitioning (by key range)
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-availability zones high availability, asynchronous replication for up to 15 read replicasyes infoimplicit feature of the cloud service. Replication either local, cross-facility or geo-redundant.noneUsing Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononoyes infowith TiSpark Connector
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsnonono infocurrently only supported in syntax
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDoptimistic lockingACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infowith encyption-at-restyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infoIn-Memory realmno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)Access rights based on private key authentication or shared access signaturesyesUsers with fine-grained authorization concept. No user groups or roles.
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon NeptuneMicrosoft Azure Table StorageRealmTiDB
Specific characteristicsNow a part of MongoDB Data Platform , Realm Database is the fast, easy to use, and...
» more
TiDB is an open source distributed scalable hybrid transactional and analytical processing...
» more
Competitive advantagesRealm ensures offline-first functionality, meaning apps run smoothly and deliver...
» more
In the current database landscape, infrastructure engineers often have to use one...
» more
Typical application scenariosMobile Consumer Apps First-Line Worker Apps
» more
TiDB is designed to support both OLTP and OLAP scenarios. You can use TiDB , the...
» more
Key customersCathay Pacific Royal Carribbean Cruise Lines Open Source Database powers apps built...
» more
Bank of Beijing (Banking) Mobike (Ridesharing) Toutiao (Media) Ele.me (Catering)...
» more
Market metricsUsed by 100,000+ developers 2 bn installs Currently used in 40k+ applications in...
» more
InfoWorld’s 2018 Best of Open Source Software Award winners 15000+ stars on GitHub...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsRealm database is licensed under the Apache License v2.0.
» more
Open Source Apache 2.0 with either commercial licensing or fully-hosted DB-as-a-service...
» more
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