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DBMS > Amazon Neptune vs. Microsoft Azure Table Storage vs. OpenEdge vs. Realm vs. Virtuoso

System Properties Comparison Amazon Neptune vs. Microsoft Azure Table Storage vs. OpenEdge vs. Realm vs. Virtuoso

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Neptune  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Table Storage  Xexclude from comparisonOpenEdge  Xexclude from comparisonRealm  Xexclude from comparisonVirtuoso  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFast, reliable graph database built for the cloudA Wide Column Store for rapid development using massive semi-structured datasetsApplication development environment with integrated database management systemA DBMS built for use on mobile devices that’s a fast, easy to use alternative to SQLite and Core DataVirtuoso is a multi-model hybrid-RDBMS that supports management of data represented as relational tables and/or property graphs
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Wide column storeRelational DBMSDocument storeGraph DBMS
Native XML DBMS
Relational DBMS
RDF store
Search engine
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.96
Rank#115  Overall
#6  Graph DBMS
#4  RDF stores
Score4.86
Rank#65  Overall
#5  Wide column stores
Score3.80
Rank#79  Overall
#41  Relational DBMS
Score8.85
Rank#44  Overall
#8  Document stores
Score2.77
Rank#91  Overall
#5  Graph DBMS
#3  Native XML DBMS
#45  Relational DBMS
#2  RDF stores
#11  Search engines
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­neptuneazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­storage/­tableswww.progress.com/­openedgerealm.iovirtuoso.openlinksw.com
Technical documentationaws.amazon.com/­neptune/­developer-resourcesdocumentation.progress.com/­output/­ua/­OpenEdge_latestrealm.io/­docsdocs.openlinksw.com/­virtuoso
DeveloperAmazonMicrosoftProgress Software CorporationRealm, acquired by MongoDB in May 2019OpenLink Software
Initial release20172012198420141998
Current releaseOpenEdge 11.7, March 20178.3, May 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialcommercialOpen SourceOpen Source infoGPLv2, extended commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC
Server operating systemshostedhostedAIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
Android
Backend: server-less
iOS
Windows
AIX
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyesyesyes infoSQL - Standard relational schema
RDF - Quad (S, P, O, G) or Triple (S, P, O)
XML - DTD, XML Schema
DAV - freeform filesystem objects, plus User Defined Types a/k/a Dynamic Extension Type
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonononoyes
Secondary indexesnonoyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoyes infoclose to SQL 92noyes infoSQL-92, SQL-200x, SQL-3, SQLX
APIs and other access methodsRDF 1.1 / SPARQL 1.1
TinkerPop Gremlin 3.3
RESTful HTTP APIJDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
GeoSPARQL
HTTP API
JDBC
Jena RDF API
ODBC
OLE DB
RDF4J API
RESTful HTTP API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SOAP webservices
SPARQL 1.1
WebDAV
XPath
XQuery
XSLT
Supported programming languagesC#
Go
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Progress proprietary ABL (Advanced Business Language).Net
Java infowith Android only
Objective-C
React Native
Swift
.Net
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonoyesno inforuns within the applications so server-side scripts are unnecessaryyes infoVirtuoso PL
Triggersnonoyesyes infoChange Listenersyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicehorizontal partitioning infosince Version 11.4noneyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-availability zones high availability, asynchronous replication for up to 15 read replicasyes infoimplicit feature of the cloud service. Replication either local, cross-facility or geo-redundant.Master-slave replicationnoneChain, star, and bi-directional replication
Master-master replication
Master-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonononoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsnoyesnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDoptimistic lockingACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infowith encyption-at-restyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes infoIn-Memory realmyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)Access rights based on private key authentication or shared access signaturesUsers and groupsyesFine-grained Attribute-Based Access Control (ABAC) in addition to typical coarse-grained Role-Based Access Control (RBAC) according to SQL-standard. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon NeptuneMicrosoft Azure Table StorageOpenEdgeRealmVirtuoso
Specific characteristicsNow a part of MongoDB Data Platform , Realm Database is the fast, easy to use, and...
» more
Virtuoso is a modern multi-model RDBMS for managing data represented as tabular relations...
» more
Competitive advantagesRealm ensures offline-first functionality, meaning apps run smoothly and deliver...
» more
Performance & Scale — as exemplified by DBpedia and the LOD Cloud it spawned, i.e.,...
» more
Typical application scenariosMobile Consumer Apps First-Line Worker Apps
» more
Used for — Analytics/BI Conceptual Data Virtualization Enterprise Knowledge Graphs...
» more
Key customersCathay Pacific Royal Carribbean Cruise Lines Open Source Database powers apps built...
» more
Broad use across enterprises and governments including — European Union (EU) US Government...
» more
Market metricsUsed by 100,000+ developers 2 bn installs Currently used in 40k+ applications in...
» more
Largest installed-base ​of Multi-Model RDBMS for AI-friendly Knowledge Graphs Platform...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsRealm database is licensed under the Apache License v2.0.
» more
Available in both Commercial Enterprise and Open Source (GPL v2) Editions Feature...
» more

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
Amazon NeptuneMicrosoft Azure Table StorageOpenEdgeRealmVirtuoso
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