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DBMS > Amazon Neptune vs. Microsoft Azure Table Storage vs. Nebula Graph vs. OpenEdge vs. Realm

System Properties Comparison Amazon Neptune vs. Microsoft Azure Table Storage vs. Nebula Graph vs. OpenEdge vs. Realm

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Neptune  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Table Storage  Xexclude from comparisonNebula Graph  Xexclude from comparisonOpenEdge  Xexclude from comparisonRealm  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFast, reliable graph database built for the cloudA Wide Column Store for rapid development using massive semi-structured datasetsA distributed, linear scalable, high perfomant Graph DBMSApplication development environment with integrated database management systemA DBMS built for use on mobile devices that’s a fast, easy to use alternative to SQLite and Core Data
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Wide column storeGraph DBMSRelational DBMSDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.96
Rank#115  Overall
#6  Graph DBMS
#4  RDF stores
Score4.86
Rank#65  Overall
#5  Wide column stores
Score0.14
Rank#267  Overall
#21  Graph DBMS
Score3.80
Rank#79  Overall
#41  Relational DBMS
Score8.85
Rank#44  Overall
#8  Document stores
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­neptuneazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­storage/­tablesgithub.com/­vesoft-inc/­nebula
nebula-graph.io
www.progress.com/­openedgerealm.io
Technical documentationaws.amazon.com/­neptune/­developer-resourcesdocs.nebula-graph.iodocumentation.progress.com/­output/­ua/­OpenEdge_latestrealm.io/­docs
DeveloperAmazonMicrosoftVesoft Inc.Progress Software CorporationRealm, acquired by MongoDB in May 2019
Initial release20172012201919842014
Current releaseOpenEdge 11.7, March 2017
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0 + Common Clause 1.0commercialOpen Source
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++
Server operating systemshostedhostedLinuxAIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
Android
Backend: server-less
iOS
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeStrong typed schemayesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonononono
Secondary indexesnonoyes infoNebula Graph internally uses the Key-Value store RocksDB for persistency. The vertices, edges, and their properties are stored as Key while their values are stored as Value. The primary indexes are per Key and secondary indexes are per Value.yesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoSQL-like query languageyes infoclose to SQL 92no
APIs and other access methodsRDF 1.1 / SPARQL 1.1
TinkerPop Gremlin 3.3
RESTful HTTP APIBrowser interface
console (shell)
Proprietary native API
Query language nGQL
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC#
Go
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
C++
Go
Java
Python
Progress proprietary ABL (Advanced Business Language).Net
Java infowith Android only
Objective-C
React Native
Swift
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonoyesno inforuns within the applications so server-side scripts are unnecessary
Triggersnonoyesyes infoChange Listeners
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceShardinghorizontal partitioning infosince Version 11.4none
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-availability zones high availability, asynchronous replication for up to 15 read replicasyes infoimplicit feature of the cloud service. Replication either local, cross-facility or geo-redundant.Causal Clustering using Raft protocolMaster-slave replicationnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsnoyes infoRelationships in graphsyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDoptimistic lockingACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infowith encyption-at-restyesyes infousing RocksDByesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesnoyes infoIn-Memory realm
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)Access rights based on private key authentication or shared access signaturesRole-based access controlUsers and groupsyes
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon NeptuneMicrosoft Azure Table StorageNebula GraphOpenEdgeRealm
Specific characteristicsNebula Graph is a truly distributed, linear scalable, lightning-fast graph database,...
» more
Now a part of MongoDB Data Platform , Realm Database is the fast, easy to use, and...
» more
Competitive advantagesNebula Graph boasts the world's only graph database solution that is able to host...
» more
Realm ensures offline-first functionality, meaning apps run smoothly and deliver...
» more
Typical application scenariosSocial networking Fraud detection Knowledge graph Data warehouse management Anti...
» more
Mobile Consumer Apps First-Line Worker Apps
» more
Key customersCurrently we have some top internet companies in China implementing Nebula Graph...
» more
Cathay Pacific Royal Carribbean Cruise Lines Open Source Database powers apps built...
» more
Market metricsAt our very early stage, Nebula Graph has already received over a thousand stars...
» more
Used by 100,000+ developers 2 bn installs Currently used in 40k+ applications in...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsNebula Graph is open source and free to use under Apache 2.0 license and Common Clause...
» more
Realm database is licensed under the Apache License v2.0.
» more

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
Amazon NeptuneMicrosoft Azure Table StorageNebula GraphOpenEdgeRealm
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