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DBMS > Amazon Neptune vs. Microsoft Azure Table Storage vs. MySQL vs. OpenEdge vs. Realm

System Properties Comparison Amazon Neptune vs. Microsoft Azure Table Storage vs. MySQL vs. OpenEdge vs. Realm

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Neptune  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Table Storage  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonOpenEdge  Xexclude from comparisonRealm  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFast, reliable graph database built for the cloudA Wide Column Store for rapid development using massive semi-structured datasetsWidely used open source RDBMSApplication development environment with integrated database management systemA DBMS built for use on mobile devices that’s a fast, easy to use alternative to SQLite and Core Data
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Wide column storeRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIRelational DBMSDocument store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.96
Rank#115  Overall
#6  Graph DBMS
#4  RDF stores
Score4.86
Rank#65  Overall
#5  Wide column stores
Score1267.65
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score3.80
Rank#79  Overall
#41  Relational DBMS
Score8.85
Rank#44  Overall
#8  Document stores
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­neptuneazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­storage/­tableswww.mysql.comwww.progress.com/­openedgerealm.io
Technical documentationaws.amazon.com/­neptune/­developer-resourcesdev.mysql.com/­docdocumentation.progress.com/­output/­ua/­OpenEdge_latestrealm.io/­docs
DeveloperAmazonMicrosoftOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunProgress Software CorporationRealm, acquired by MongoDB in May 2019
Initial release20172012199519842014
Current release8.0.18, October 2019OpenEdge 11.7, March 2017
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availablecommercialOpen Source
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Azure Database for MySQL: A fully managed, scalable MySQL relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
Implementation languageC and C++
Server operating systemshostedhostedFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
Android
Backend: server-less
iOS
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyesnono
Secondary indexesnonoyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes infoclose to SQL 92no
APIs and other access methodsRDF 1.1 / SPARQL 1.1
TinkerPop Gremlin 3.3
RESTful HTTP APIADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC#
Go
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Progress proprietary ABL (Advanced Business Language).Net
Java infowith Android only
Objective-C
React Native
Swift
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonoyes infoproprietary syntaxyesno inforuns within the applications so server-side scripts are unnecessary
Triggersnonoyesyesyes infoChange Listeners
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicehorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabrichorizontal partitioning infosince Version 11.4none
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-availability zones high availability, asynchronous replication for up to 15 read replicasyes infoimplicit feature of the cloud service. Replication either local, cross-facility or geo-redundant.Master-master replication
Master-slave replication
Master-slave replicationnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsnoyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDoptimistic lockingACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infowith encyption-at-restyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesnoyes infoIn-Memory realm
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)Access rights based on private key authentication or shared access signaturesUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesUsers and groupsyes
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon NeptuneMicrosoft Azure Table StorageMySQLOpenEdgeRealm
Specific characteristicsNow a part of MongoDB Data Platform , Realm Database is the fast, easy to use, and...
» more
Competitive advantagesRealm ensures offline-first functionality, meaning apps run smoothly and deliver...
» more
Typical application scenariosMobile Consumer Apps First-Line Worker Apps
» more
Key customersCathay Pacific Royal Carribbean Cruise Lines Open Source Database powers apps built...
» more
Market metricsUsed by 100,000+ developers 2 bn installs Currently used in 40k+ applications in...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsRealm database is licensed under the Apache License v2.0.
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
Amazon NeptuneMicrosoft Azure Table StorageMySQLOpenEdgeRealm
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