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DBMS > Amazon Neptune vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB

System Properties Comparison Amazon Neptune vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Neptune  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFast, reliable graph database built for the cloudGlobally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database service
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Document store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.82
Rank#108  Overall
#6  Graph DBMS
#4  RDF stores
Score40.22
Rank#27  Overall
#4  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­neptuneazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-db
Technical documentationaws.amazon.com/­neptune/­developer-resourcesdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­cosmos-db
DeveloperAmazonMicrosoft
Initial release20172014
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Server operating systemshostedhosted
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infoJSON types
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no
Secondary indexesnoyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by default
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsRDF 1.1 / SPARQL 1.1
TinkerPop Gremlin 3.3
DocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
Supported programming languagesC#
Go
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoJavaScript
TriggersnoJavaScript
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-availability zones high availability, asynchronous replication for up to 15 read replicasyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnowith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partition
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infowith encyption-at-restyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)Access rights can be defined down to the item level

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More resources
Amazon NeptuneMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB
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27 August 2021, TechTarget

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