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DBMS > Amazon Neptune vs. MariaDB vs. Microsoft Azure Table Storage vs. OpenEdge vs. Realm

System Properties Comparison Amazon Neptune vs. MariaDB vs. Microsoft Azure Table Storage vs. OpenEdge vs. Realm

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Neptune  Xexclude from comparisonMariaDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Table Storage  Xexclude from comparisonOpenEdge  Xexclude from comparisonRealm  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFast, reliable graph database built for the cloudMySQL application compatible open source RDBMS, enhanced with high availability, security, interoperability and performance capabilities. With MariaDB ColumnStore a column-oriented storage engine is available too.A Wide Column Store for rapid development using massive semi-structured datasetsApplication development environment with integrated database management systemA DBMS built for use on mobile devices that’s a fast, easy to use alternative to SQLite and Core Data
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMSWide column storeRelational DBMSDocument store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith OQGraph storage engine
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.96
Rank#115  Overall
#6  Graph DBMS
#4  RDF stores
Score87.34
Rank#13  Overall
#8  Relational DBMS
Score4.86
Rank#65  Overall
#5  Wide column stores
Score3.80
Rank#79  Overall
#41  Relational DBMS
Score8.85
Rank#44  Overall
#8  Document stores
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­neptunemariadb.com infoSite of MariaDB Corporation
mariadb.org infoSite of MariaDB Foundation
azure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­storage/­tableswww.progress.com/­openedgerealm.io
Technical documentationaws.amazon.com/­neptune/­developer-resourcesmariadb.com/­kb/­en/­librarydocumentation.progress.com/­output/­ua/­OpenEdge_latestrealm.io/­docs
DeveloperAmazonMariaDB Corporation Ab (MariaDB Enterprise),
MariaDB Foundation (community MariaDB Server) infoThe lead developer Monty Widenius is the original author of MySQL
MicrosoftProgress Software CorporationRealm, acquired by MongoDB in May 2019
Initial release20172009201219842014
Current release10.4.12, January 2020OpenEdge 11.7, March 2017
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoGPL version 2, commercial enterprise subscription availablecommercialcommercialOpen Source
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • MariaDB Managed Service: A customized MariaDB deployment fully managed by the experts at MariaDB in the cloud of your choice. Keeps you up to date with features, upgrades, hotfixes and security patches.
  • Azure Database for MariaDB: A fully managed, scalable MariaDB relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
Implementation languageC and C++
Server operating systemshostedFreeBSD
Linux
Solaris
Windows infoColumnStore storage engine not available on Windows
hostedAIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
Android
Backend: server-less
iOS
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyes infoDynamic columns are supportedschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesnonono
Secondary indexesnoyesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infowith proprietary extensionsnoyes infoclose to SQL 92no
APIs and other access methodsRDF 1.1 / SPARQL 1.1
TinkerPop Gremlin 3.3
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
RESTful HTTP APIJDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC#
Go
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
.Net
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Progress proprietary ABL (Advanced Business Language).Net
Java infowith Android only
Objective-C
React Native
Swift
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes infoPL/SQL compatibility added with version 10.3noyesno inforuns within the applications so server-side scripts are unnecessary
Triggersnoyesnoyesyes infoChange Listeners
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneHorizontal partitioning, sharding with Spider storage engine or Galera cluster infoPartitioning by range, list, hash, keySharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicehorizontal partitioning infosince Version 11.4none
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-availability zones high availability, asynchronous replication for up to 15 read replicasMaster-master replication infousing MariaDB Galera Cluster
Master-slave replication
yes infoimplicit feature of the cloud service. Replication either local, cross-facility or geo-redundant.Master-slave replicationnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsyes infonot for MyISAM storage enginenoyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineoptimistic lockingACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infowith encyption-at-restyes infonot for in-memory storage engineyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infowith MEMORY storage enginenonoyes infoIn-Memory realm
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights based on private key authentication or shared access signaturesUsers and groupsyes
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon NeptuneMariaDBMicrosoft Azure Table StorageOpenEdgeRealm
Specific characteristicsOpen source database from the creators of MySQL, enhanced with enterprise tools and...
» more
Now a part of MongoDB Data Platform , Realm Database is the fast, easy to use, and...
» more
Competitive advantagesHigh availability, scalability, performance beyond MySQL and other databases.
» more
Realm ensures offline-first functionality, meaning apps run smoothly and deliver...
» more
Typical application scenariosWeb, SaaS and Cloud operational/transactional applications that require high availability,...
» more
Mobile Consumer Apps First-Line Worker Apps
» more
Key customersBooking.com, Wikipedia, Google, Canal+, ClubMed, Deutsche Telekom, La Poste, Virgin...
» more
Cathay Pacific Royal Carribbean Cruise Lines Open Source Database powers apps built...
» more
Market metricsMariaDB is the default database in the LAMP stack supplied by Red Hat and SUSE Linux,...
» more
Used by 100,000+ developers 2 bn installs Currently used in 40k+ applications in...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsRealm database is licensed under the Apache License v2.0.
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesAzure Database for MariaDB: Easily deploy applications to the cloud.
» more

Navicat for MariaDB provides a native environment for MariaDB database management and development.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Amazon NeptuneMariaDBMicrosoft Azure Table StorageOpenEdgeRealm
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