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DBMS > Amazon Neptune vs. Lovefield vs. openGauss

System Properties Comparison Amazon Neptune vs. Lovefield vs. openGauss

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Neptune  Xexclude from comparisonLovefield  Xexclude from comparisonopenGauss  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFast, reliable graph database built for the cloudEmbeddable relational database for web apps written in pure JavaScriptAn enterprise-class RDBMS compatible with high-performance, high-availability and high-performance originally developed by Huawei
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.29
Rank#113  Overall
#9  Graph DBMS
#5  RDF stores
Score0.33
Rank#286  Overall
#131  Relational DBMS
Score1.06
Rank#184  Overall
#84  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­neptunegoogle.github.io/­lovefieldgitee.com/­opengauss
opengauss.org
Technical documentationaws.amazon.com/­neptune/­developer-resourcesgithub.com/­google/­lovefield/­blob/­master/­docs/­spec_index.mddocs.opengauss.org/­en
gitee.com/­opengauss/­docs
DeveloperAmazonGoogleHuawei and openGauss community
Initial release201720142019
Current release2.1.12, February 20173.0, March 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaScriptC, C++, Java
Server operating systemshostedserver-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js) infotested with Chrome, Firefox, IE, SafariLinux
Data schemeschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like query language infovia JavaScript builder patternANSI SQL 2011
APIs and other access methodsOpenCypher
RDF 1.1 / SPARQL 1.1
TinkerPop Gremlin
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC#
Go
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
JavaScriptC
C++
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonoyes
TriggersnoUsing read-only observersyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenonehorizontal partitioning (by range, list and hash)
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-availability zones high availability, asynchronous replication for up to 15 read replicas within a single region. Global database clusters consists of a primary write DB cluster in one region, and up to five secondary read DB clusters in different regions. Each secondary region can have up to 16 reader instances.noneSource-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infowith encyption-at-restyes, by using IndexedDB or the cloud service Firebase Realtime Databaseyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infousing MemoryDBno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)noAccess rights for users, groups and roles according to SQL-standard

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More resources
Amazon NeptuneLovefieldopenGauss
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