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DBMS > Amazon Neptune vs. LevelDB vs. RavenDB vs. RDF4J

System Properties Comparison Amazon Neptune vs. LevelDB vs. RavenDB vs. RDF4J

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Neptune  Xexclude from comparisonLevelDB  Xexclude from comparisonRavenDB  Xexclude from comparisonRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFast, reliable graph database built for the cloudEmbeddable fast key-value storage library that provides an ordered mapping from string keys to string valuesOpen Source Operational and Transactional Enterprise NoSQL Document DatabaseRDF4J is a Java framework for processing RDF data, supporting both memory-based and a disk-based storage.
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Key-value storeDocument storeRDF store
Secondary database modelsGraph DBMS infoexperimental
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.73
Rank#121  Overall
#7  Graph DBMS
#4  RDF stores
Score2.86
Rank#89  Overall
#15  Key-value stores
Score3.45
Rank#81  Overall
#14  Document stores
Score0.39
Rank#220  Overall
#10  RDF stores
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­neptunegithub.com/­google/­leveldbravendb.netrdf4j.org
Technical documentationaws.amazon.com/­neptune/­developer-resourcesgithub.com/­google/­leveldb/­blob/­master/­doc/­index.mdravendb.net/­docsdocs.rdf4j.org
DeveloperAmazonGoogleHibernating RhinosSince 2016 officially forked into an Eclipse project, former developer was Aduna Software.
Initial release2017201120102004
Current release1.22, May 20194.2, May 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoBSDOpen Source infoAGPL version 3, commercial license availableOpen Source infoEclipse Distribution License (EDL), v1.0.
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC++C#Java
Server operating systemshostedIllumos
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
macOS
Raspberry Pi
Windows
Linux
OS X
Unix
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-freeyes infoRDF Schemas
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnonoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesnonoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoSQL-like query language (RQL)no
APIs and other access methodsRDF 1.1 / SPARQL 1.1
TinkerPop Gremlin 3.3
C++ API
Go
Java infoThird party binding
Node.js infoThird party binding
Python infoThird party binding
.NET Client API
Java Client API
Python Client API
RESTful HTTP API
Java API
RIO infoRDF Input/Output
Sail API
SeRQL infoSesame RDF Query Language
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL
Supported programming languagesC#
Go
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C++
Go
.Net
C#
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Ruby
Java
PHP
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonoyesyes
Triggersnonoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenoneShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-availability zones high availability, asynchronous replication for up to 15 read replicasnoneMulti-master replicationnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyes infoMapReduce functions can be defined in Linqno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsnono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACID, Cluster-wide transaction availableACID infoIsolation support depends on the API used
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infowith encyption-at-restyes infowith automatic compression on writesyesyes infoin-memory storage is supported as well
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)noAccess control on document level using the Authorization Bundleno

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More resources
Amazon NeptuneLevelDBRavenDBRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame
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