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DBMS > Amazon Neptune vs. LeanXcale vs. Memgraph vs. NebulaGraph

System Properties Comparison Amazon Neptune vs. LeanXcale vs. Memgraph vs. NebulaGraph

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Neptune  Xexclude from comparisonLeanXcale  Xexclude from comparisonMemgraph  Xexclude from comparisonNebulaGraph  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFast, reliable graph database built for the cloudA highly scalable full ACID SQL database with fast NoSQL data ingestion and GIS capabilitiesAn open source graph database built for real-time streaming and compatible with Neo4jA distributed, linear scalable, high perfomant Graph DBMS
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Key-value store
Relational DBMS
Graph DBMSGraph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.89
Rank#111  Overall
#7  Graph DBMS
#4  RDF stores
Score0.22
Rank#318  Overall
#44  Key-value stores
#142  Relational DBMS
Score1.05
Rank#200  Overall
#18  Graph DBMS
Score1.14
Rank#186  Overall
#16  Graph DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­neptunewww.leanxcale.commemgraph.comgithub.com/­vesoft-inc/­nebula
nebula-graph.io
Technical documentationaws.amazon.com/­neptune/­developer-resourcesdocs.memgraph.comdocs.nebula-graph.io
Social network pagesLinkedInTwitterFacebookGitHubDiscord
DeveloperAmazonLeanXcaleMemgraph LtdVesoft Inc.
Initial release2017201520172019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercialcommercial infoFree license availableOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0 + Common Clause 1.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC and C++C++
Server operating systemshostedLinuxLinux
Data schemeschema-freeyesschema-free and schema-optionalStrong typed schema
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesnoyes infoNebula Graph internally uses the Key-Value store RocksDB for persistency. The vertices, edges, and their properties are stored as Key while their values are stored as Value. The primary indexes are per Key and secondary indexes are per Value.
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infothrough Apache DerbynoSQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsRDF 1.1 / SPARQL 1.1
TinkerPop Gremlin 3.3
JDBC
Kafka Connector
ODBC
proprietary key/value interface
Spark Connector
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Browser interface
console (shell)
Proprietary native API
Query language nGQL
Supported programming languagesC#
Go
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C
Java
Scala
.Net
C
C++
Elixir
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C++
Go
Java
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresno
Triggersno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding infodynamic graph partitioningSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-availability zones high availability, asynchronous replication for up to 15 read replicasMulti-source replication using RAFTCausal Clustering using Raft protocol
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsyesyes inforelationships in graphsyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID infowith snapshot isolationACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infowith encyption-at-restyesyes infowith periodic snapshot and write-ahead logging (WAL) of changesyes infousing RocksDB
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)Users, roles and permissionsRole-based access control
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon NeptuneLeanXcaleMemgraphNebulaGraph
Specific characteristicsFull ACID and full SQL operational database with analytical queries over operational...
» more
Memgraph directly connects to your streaming infrastructure so you and your team...
» more
NebulaGraph is a truly distributed, linearly scalable, lightning-fast graph database,...
» more
Competitive advantagesLinear scalability upto 100s of nodes (tested with 100 nodes and TPC-C).
» more
Business Source License ensures a future for the Memgraph community MAGE algorithm...
» more
NebulaGraph boasts the world's only graph database solution that is able to host...
» more
Typical application scenariosHybrid Transactional-Analytical Processing (HTAP) requiring an operational database...
» more
Graph algorithms in bioinformatics Social network analysis Cryptocurrency network...
» more
Social networking Fraud detection Knowledge graph Data warehouse management Anti...
» more
Key customersbanking/finance/fintech, telco, insurance, traveltech, M2M/IoT, retail
» more
Currently we have some top internet companies in China implementing NebulaGraph in...
» more
Market metrics15 beta testers
» more
At our very early stage, NebulaGraph has already received over 8,200 stars and thousands...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsannual fee covering license and support based on number of physical cores
» more
You can check out our pricing model and licenses on the company website .
» more
NebulaGraph is open source and free to use under Apache 2.0 license.
» more

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
Amazon NeptuneLeanXcaleMemgraphNebulaGraph
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