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DBMS > Amazon Neptune vs. JanusGraph vs. Titan

System Properties Comparison Amazon Neptune vs. JanusGraph vs. Titan

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Neptune  Xexclude from comparisonJanusGraph infosuccessor of Titan  Xexclude from comparisonTitan  Xexclude from comparison
Titan has been decommisioned after the takeover by Datastax. It will be removed from the DB-Engines ranking. A fork has been open-sourced as JanusGraph.
DescriptionFast, reliable graph database built for the cloudA Graph DBMS optimized for distributed clusters infoIt was forked from the latest code base of Titan in January 2017Titan is a Graph DBMS optimized for distributed clusters.
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Graph DBMSGraph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.58
Rank#112  Overall
#9  Graph DBMS
#5  RDF stores
Score1.91
Rank#135  Overall
#12  Graph DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­neptunejanusgraph.orggithub.com/­thinkaurelius/­titan
Technical documentationaws.amazon.com/­neptune/­developer-resourcesdocs.janusgraph.orggithub.com/­thinkaurelius/­titan/­wiki
DeveloperAmazonLinux Foundation; originally developed as Titan by AureliusAurelius, owned by DataStax
Initial release201720172012
Current release0.6.3, February 2023
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoApache license, version 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaJava
Server operating systemshostedLinux
OS X
Unix
Windows
Linux
OS X
Unix
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonono
APIs and other access methodsOpenCypher
RDF 1.1 / SPARQL 1.1
TinkerPop Gremlin
Java API
TinkerPop Blueprints
TinkerPop Frames
TinkerPop Gremlin
TinkerPop Rexster
Java API
TinkerPop Blueprints
TinkerPop Frames
TinkerPop Gremlin
TinkerPop Rexster
Supported programming languagesC#
Go
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Clojure
Java
Python
Clojure
Java
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyesyes
Triggersnoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneyes infodepending on the used storage backend (e.g. Cassandra, HBase, BerkeleyDB)yes infovia pluggable storage backends
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-availability zones high availability, asynchronous replication for up to 15 read replicas within a single region. Global database clusters consists of a primary write DB cluster in one region, and up to five secondary read DB clusters in different regions. Each secondary region can have up to 16 reader instances.yesyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infovia Faunus, a graph analytics engineyes infovia Faunus, a graph analytics engine
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsyes infoRelationships in graphsyes infoRelationships in graph
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infowith encyption-at-restyes infoSupports various storage backends: Cassandra, HBase, Berkeley DB, Akiban, Hazelcastyes infoSupports various storage backends: Cassandra, HBase, Berkeley DB, Akiban, Hazelcast
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)User authentification and security via Rexster Graph ServerUser authentification and security via Rexster Graph Server

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More resources
Amazon NeptuneJanusGraph infosuccessor of TitanTitan
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JanusGraph Picks Up Where TitanDB Left Off
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Compose for JanusGraph arrives on Bluemix
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Amazon DynamoDB Storage Backend for Titan: Distributed Graph Database | Amazon Web Services
24 August 2015, AWS Blog

Titan Graph Database Integration with DynamoDB: World-class Performance, Availability, and Scale for New Workloads
20 August 2015, All Things Distributed

DataStax acquires Aurelius, the startup behind the Titan graph database
3 February 2015, VentureBeat

Beyond Titan: The Evolution of DataStax's New Graph Database
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