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DBMS > Amazon Neptune vs. Ingres vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. SAP HANA

System Properties Comparison Amazon Neptune vs. Ingres vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. SAP HANA

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Neptune  Xexclude from comparisonIngres  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonSAP HANA  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFast, reliable graph database built for the cloudWell established RDBMSMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSIn-memory, column based data store. Available as appliance or cloud service
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith SAP Hana, Enterprise Edition
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.39
Rank#113  Overall
#8  Graph DBMS
#5  RDF stores
Score5.50
Rank#68  Overall
#37  Relational DBMS
Score970.61
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score55.28
Rank#20  Overall
#13  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­neptunewww.actian.com/­data-management/­ingres-sql-rdbmswww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.sap.com/­products/­hana.html
Technical documentationaws.amazon.com/­neptune/­developer-resourcesdocs.actian.com/­ingresdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverhelp.sap.com/­hana
DeveloperAmazonActian CorporationMicrosoftSAP
Initial release20171974 infooriginally developed at University Berkely in early 1970s19892010
Current release11.0, April 2017SQL Server 2019, November 20192.0 SPS05 (June 26, 2020), June 2020
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercialcommercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonono infoalso available as a cloud based service
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCC++
Server operating systemshostedAIX
HP Open VMS
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
Linux
Windows
Appliance or cloud-service
Data schemeschema-freeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono infobut tools for importing/exporting data from/to XML-files availableyesno
Secondary indexesnoyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyesyesyes
APIs and other access methodsRDF 1.1 / SPARQL 1.1
TinkerPop Gremlin 3.3
.NET Client API
JDBC
ODBC
proprietary protocol (OpenAPI)
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC#
Go
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyesTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) JavaSQLScript, R
Triggersnoyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonehorizontal partitioning infoIngres Star to access multiple databases simultaneouslytables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-availability zones high availability, asynchronous replication for up to 15 read replicasIngres Replicatoryes, but depending on the SQL-Server Editionyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsyesyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infoMVCCyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infowith encyption-at-restyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyes

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More resources
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