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DBMS > Amazon Neptune vs. Impala vs. PostGIS vs. SAP Adaptive Server

System Properties Comparison Amazon Neptune vs. Impala vs. PostGIS vs. SAP Adaptive Server

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Neptune  Xexclude from comparisonImpala  Xexclude from comparisonPostGIS  Xexclude from comparisonSAP Adaptive Server infoformer name: Sybase ASE  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFast, reliable graph database built for the cloudAnalytic DBMS for HadoopSpatial extension of PostgreSQLThe SAP (Sybase) Adaptive Server Enterprise (ASE) is an enterprise-class RDBMS
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMSSpatial DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument storeRelational DBMSSpatial DBMS infowith Boeing's Spatial Query Server
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.40
Rank#103  Overall
#6  Graph DBMS
#4  RDF stores
Score17.68
Rank#40  Overall
#25  Relational DBMS
Score30.85
Rank#28  Overall
#1  Spatial DBMS
Score42.97
Rank#25  Overall
#17  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­neptunewww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.htmlpostgis.netwww.sap.com/­products/­sybase-ase.html
Technical documentationaws.amazon.com/­neptune/­developer-resourcesdocs.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.htmlpostgis.net/­documentationhelp.sap.com/­viewer/­product/­SAP_ASE
DeveloperAmazonClouderaSAP, Sybase
Initial release2017201320051987
Current release4.1.0, June 20223.2.1, February 202216.0
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoGPL v2.0commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++CC and C++
Server operating systemshostedLinuxAIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyesno
Secondary indexesnoyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyesyes
APIs and other access methodsRDF 1.1 / SPARQL 1.1
TinkerPop Gremlin 3.3
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
Supported programming languagesC#
Go
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBCC
C++
Cobol
Java
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceuser defined functionsJava and Transact-SQL
Triggersnonoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingyes infobased on PostgreSQLhorizontal partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-availability zones high availability, asynchronous replication for up to 15 read replicasselectable replication factoryes infobased on PostgreSQLMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infoquery execution via MapReducenono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsnoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infowith encyption-at-restyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)Access rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and Kerberosyes infobased on PostgreSQLfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
Amazon NeptuneImpalaPostGISSAP Adaptive Server infoformer name: Sybase ASE
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