DB-EnginesInfluxDB: Focus on building software with an easy-to-use serverless, scalable time series platformEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Amazon Neptune vs. Impala vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. SAP Adaptive Server vs. STSdb

System Properties Comparison Amazon Neptune vs. Impala vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. SAP Adaptive Server vs. STSdb

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Neptune  Xexclude from comparisonImpala  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonSAP Adaptive Server infoformer name: Sybase ASE  Xexclude from comparisonSTSdb  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFast, reliable graph database built for the cloudAnalytic DBMS for HadoopGlobally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceThe SAP (Sybase) Adaptive Server Enterprise (ASE) is an enterprise-class RDBMSKey-Value Store with special method for indexing infooptimized for high performance using a special indexing method
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Relational DBMSKey-value store
Secondary database modelsDocument storeSpatial DBMSSpatial DBMS infowith Boeing's Spatial Query Server
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.09
Rank#103  Overall
#6  Graph DBMS
#3  RDF stores
Score17.56
Rank#40  Overall
#25  Relational DBMS
Score41.38
Rank#27  Overall
#4  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score44.82
Rank#25  Overall
#17  Relational DBMS
Score0.00
Rank#357  Overall
#56  Key-value stores
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­neptunewww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.htmlazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbwww.sap.com/­products/­sybase-ase.htmlgithub.com/­STSSoft/­STSdb4
Technical documentationaws.amazon.com/­neptune/­developer-resourcesdocs.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.htmldocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­cosmos-dbhelp.sap.com/­viewer/­product/­SAP_ASE
DeveloperAmazonClouderaMicrosoftSAP, SybaseSTS Soft SC
Initial release20172013201419872011
Current release4.0.0, July 202116.04.0.8, September 2015
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2commercialcommercialOpen Source infoGPLv2, commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++C and C++C#
Server operating systemshostedLinuxhostedAIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infoJSON typesyesyes infoprimitive types and user defined types (classes)
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesnoyesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like DML and DDL statementsSQL-like query languageyesno
APIs and other access methodsRDF 1.1 / SPARQL 1.1
TinkerPop Gremlin 3.3
JDBC
ODBC
DocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
.NET Client API
Supported programming languagesC#
Go
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
C
C++
Cobol
Java
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
C#
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceJavaScriptJava and Transact-SQLno
TriggersnonoJavaScriptyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicehorizontal partitioningnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-availability zones high availability, asynchronous replication for up to 15 read replicasselectable replication factoryes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
none
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infoquery execution via MapReducewith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*nono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsnonoyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infowith encyption-at-restyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)Access rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and KerberosAccess rights can be defined down to the item levelfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardno

More information provided by the system vendor

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesCData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Amazon NeptuneImpalaMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBSAP Adaptive Server infoformer name: Sybase ASESTSdb
Recent citations in the news

Amazon announces general availability of its Graph Database called Neptune
29 July 2022, Analytics India Magazine

How graph databases took over relationship mapping
19 July 2022, The Register

Amazon Neptune update: Machine learning, data science, and the future of graph databases
30 July 2021, ZDNet

Here’s how you can predict graphs accurately, quickly, and securely with Amazon Neptune
2 November 2021, YourStory

Catching up with Amazon Neptune
26 November 2019, ZDNet

provided by Google News

Cloudera Boosts Hadoop App Development On Impala
10 November 2014, InformationWeek

Cloudera's Impala brings Hadoop to SQL and BI
25 October 2012, ZDNet

Apache Impala 4 Supports Operator Multi-Threading
29 July 2021, iProgrammer

Man Busts Out of Google, Rebuilds Top-Secret Query Machine
24 October 2012, WIRED

How to add a data source to Redash
5 April 2022, TechRepublic

provided by Google News

Defender for Azure Cosmos DB Preview Announced by Microsoft
2 March 2022, Redmondmag.com

Researchers discover critical flaw in Azure Cosmos DB
27 August 2021, TechTarget

Xoriant X⋅CELERATE IoT Now Available in the Microsoft Azure Marketplace
25 July 2022, PR Newswire

Microsoft Defender for Cosmos DB is Now Available in Preview
3 March 2022, Petri.com

Microsoft Warns Customers about a Critical Vulnerability in Azure Cosmos DB
31 August 2021, InfoQ.com

provided by Google News

Critical SAP ASE Flaws Allow Complete Control of Databases
3 June 2020, Threatpost

SAP ASE leaves sensitive credentials in installation logs
24 September 2020, CSO Online

What Will Happen After End Of Support For Sybase?
17 December 2019, e3zine.com

Partners become central to SAP industry cloud business
16 May 2022, TechTarget

Survey Reveals Strategic Plans of SAP Sybase and ASE Customers as Product Support Nears End
10 October 2019, PR Newswire

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Amazon Neptune - Software Dev Engineer
Amazon Web Services, Inc., Bellevue, WA

SDE - Amazon Neptune Platform
Amazon Dev Center U.S., Inc., Seattle, WA

Amazon Neptune - Database Engine Performance
Amazon Dev Center U.S., Inc., Bellevue, WA

Amazon Neptune - Software Dev Engineer
Amazon Dev Center U.S., Inc., Seattle, WA

Product Manager - Technical, Amazon Neptune
Amazon Dev Center U.S., Inc., Seattle, WA

Business Analyst - US Remote
Lumen, Remote

Business Intelligence Developer - Treasury and Liquidity
Barclays, Whippany, NJ

Business Analyst
Lumen, United States

Planning Engineer II
Lumen, Remote

Software Engineer Specialist
FIS Global, Cincinnati, OH

Azure Developer
TSN Partners, Remote

Technical Support Engineering - Azure Cosmos DB
Microsoft, Charlotte, NC

Support Engineering - Cosmos DB
Microsoft, Issaquah, WA

MS Azure Sr. Developer or Architect
Wintrio, Austin, TX

.Net Developer
eTeam Inc., Cary, NC

Director, Information Systems
California School Employees Association, San Jose, CA

Sr. Financial Analyst
Super Micro Computer, Inc., San Jose, CA

Technical Partner Delivery Lead
BlueCat Networks, Remote

Sybase Database Administrator
JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A., Jersey City, NJ

Senior Enterprise Architect
iRhythm Technologies, San Diego, CA

jobs by Indeed



Share this page

Featured Products

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Redis logo

The world’s most loved real‑time data platform.
Try free

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 80GB free.

Neo4j logo

See for yourself how a graph database can make your life easier.
Use Neo4j online for free.

Present your product here