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DBMS > Amazon Neptune vs. Immudb vs. LeanXcale vs. NebulaGraph

System Properties Comparison Amazon Neptune vs. Immudb vs. LeanXcale vs. NebulaGraph

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Neptune  Xexclude from comparisonImmudb  Xexclude from comparisonLeanXcale  Xexclude from comparisonNebulaGraph  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFast, reliable graph database built for the cloudAn open source immutable (append-only) database with cryptographic verification which makes it tamper-resistant and fully auditable.A highly scalable full ACID SQL database with fast NoSQL data ingestion and GIS capabilitiesA distributed, linear scalable, high perfomant Graph DBMS
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Key-value storeKey-value store
Relational DBMS
Graph DBMS
Secondary database modelsRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.09
Rank#107  Overall
#6  Graph DBMS
#4  RDF stores
Score0.22
Rank#318  Overall
#44  Key-value stores
Score0.26
Rank#309  Overall
#41  Key-value stores
#140  Relational DBMS
Score1.26
Rank#181  Overall
#16  Graph DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­neptunegithub.com/­codenotary/­immudb
www.codenotary.com/­technologies/­immudb
www.leanxcale.comgithub.com/­vesoft-inc/­nebula
nebula-graph.io
Technical documentationaws.amazon.com/­neptune/­developer-resourcesdocs.immudb.iodocs.nebula-graph.io
DeveloperAmazonCodenotaryLeanXcaleVesoft Inc.
Initial release2017202020152019
Current release1.2.3, April 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0commercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0 + Common Clause 1.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageGoC++
Server operating systemshostedBSD
Linux
macOS
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Linux
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyesStrong typed schema
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesnoyesyes infoNebula Graph internally uses the Key-Value store RocksDB for persistency. The vertices, edges, and their properties are stored as Key while their values are stored as Value. The primary indexes are per Key and secondary indexes are per Value.
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like syntaxyes infothrough Apache DerbySQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsRDF 1.1 / SPARQL 1.1
TinkerPop Gremlin 3.3
gRPC protocol
PostgreSQL wire protocol
JDBC
Kafka Connector
ODBC
proprietary key/value interface
Spark Connector
Browser interface
console (shell)
Proprietary native API
Query language nGQL
Supported programming languagesC#
Go
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C
Java
Scala
C++
Go
Java
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnono
Triggersnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-availability zones high availability, asynchronous replication for up to 15 read replicasCausal Clustering using Raft protocol
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsnoyesyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infowith encyption-at-restyesyesyes infousing RocksDB
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)Role-based access control
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon NeptuneImmudbLeanXcaleNebulaGraph
Specific characteristicsFull ACID and full SQL operational database with analytical queries over operational...
» more
NebulaGraph is a truly distributed, linearly scalable, lightning-fast graph database,...
» more
Competitive advantagesLinear scalability upto 100s of nodes (tested with 100 nodes and TPC-C).
» more
NebulaGraph boasts the world's only graph database solution that is able to host...
» more
Typical application scenariosHybrid Transactional-Analytical Processing (HTAP) requiring an operational database...
» more
Social networking Fraud detection Knowledge graph Data warehouse management Anti...
» more
Key customersbanking/finance/fintech, telco, insurance, traveltech, M2M/IoT, retail
» more
Currently we have some top internet companies in China implementing NebulaGraph in...
» more
Market metrics15 beta testers
» more
At our very early stage, NebulaGraph has already received 3.5k stars and thousands...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsannual fee covering license and support based on number of physical cores
» more
NebulaGraph is open source and free to use under Apache 2.0 license and Common Clause...
» more

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More resources
Amazon NeptuneImmudbLeanXcaleNebulaGraph
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