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DBMS > Amazon Neptune vs. Hazelcast vs. TimescaleDB

System Properties Comparison Amazon Neptune vs. Hazelcast vs. TimescaleDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Neptune  Xexclude from comparisonHazelcast  Xexclude from comparisonTimescaleDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFast, reliable graph database built for the cloudA widely adopted in-memory data gridA time series DBMS optimized for fast ingest and complex queries, based on PostgreSQL
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Key-value storeTime Series DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store infoJSON support with IMDG 3.12Relational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.58
Rank#112  Overall
#9  Graph DBMS
#5  RDF stores
Score6.87
Rank#55  Overall
#6  Key-value stores
Score4.87
Rank#74  Overall
#4  Time Series DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­neptunehazelcast.comwww.timescale.com
Technical documentationaws.amazon.com/­neptune/­developer-resourceshazelcast.org/­imdg/­docsdocs.timescale.com
DeveloperAmazonHazelcastTimescale
Initial release201720082017
Current release5.3.6, November 20232.13.0, November 2023
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2; commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaC
Server operating systemshostedAll OS with a Java VMLinux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesnumerics, strings, booleans, arrays, JSON blobs, geospatial dimensions, currencies, binary data, other complex data types
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes infothe object must implement a serialization strategyyes
Secondary indexesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like query languageyes infofull PostgreSQL SQL syntax
APIs and other access methodsOpenCypher
RDF 1.1 / SPARQL 1.1
TinkerPop Gremlin
JCache
JPA
Memcached protocol
RESTful HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesC#
Go
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C#
C++
Clojure
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Scala
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes infoEvent Listeners, Executor Servicesuser defined functions, PL/pgSQL, PL/Tcl, PL/Perl, PL/Python, PL/Java, PL/PHP, PL/R, PL/Ruby, PL/Scheme, PL/Unix shell
Triggersnoyes infoEventsyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingyes, across time and space (hash partitioning) attributes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-availability zones high availability, asynchronous replication for up to 15 read replicas within a single region. Global database clusters consists of a primary write DB cluster in one region, and up to five secondary read DB clusters in different regions. Each secondary region can have up to 16 reader instances.yes infoReplicated MapSource-replica replication with hot standby and reads on replicas info
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency selectable by user infoRaft Consensus AlgorithmImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDone or two-phase-commit; repeatable reads; read commitedACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infowith encyption-at-restyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)Role-based access controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
Amazon NeptuneHazelcastTimescaleDB
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