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DBMS > Amazon Neptune vs. GraphDB vs. OrientDB

System Properties Comparison Amazon Neptune vs. GraphDB vs. OrientDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Neptune  Xexclude from comparisonGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIM  Xexclude from comparisonOrientDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFast, reliable graph database built for the cloudEnterprise-ready RDF and graph database with efficient reasoning, cluster and external index synchronization support. It supports also SQL JDBC access to Knowledge Graph and GraphQL over SPARQL.Multi-model DBMS (Document, Graph, Key/Value)
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Graph DBMS
RDF store
Document store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.09
Rank#103  Overall
#6  Graph DBMS
#3  RDF stores
Score2.55
Rank#113  Overall
#7  Graph DBMS
#5  RDF stores
Score5.21
Rank#78  Overall
#15  Document stores
#5  Graph DBMS
#12  Key-value stores
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­neptunewww.ontotext.comorientdb.org
Technical documentationaws.amazon.com/­neptune/­developer-resourcesgraphdb.ontotext.com/­documentationwww.orientdb.com/­docs/­last/­index.html
Social network pagesTwitterLinkedInYouTubeGitHubMedium
DeveloperAmazonOntotextOrientDB LTD; CallidusCloud; SAP
Initial release201720002010
Current release9.8, June 20213.1.9, February 2021
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial infoSome plugins of GraphDB Workbench are open sourcedOpen Source infoApache version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaJava
Server operating systemshostedAll OS with a Java VM
Linux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java JDK (>= JDK 6)
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support; RDF shapesschema-free infoSchema can be enforced for whole record ("schema-full") or for some fields only ("schema-hybrid")
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesnoyes, supports real-time synchronization and indexing in SOLR/Elastic search/Lucene and GeoSPARQL geometry data indexesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnostored SPARQL accessed as SQL using Apache Calcite through JDBC/ODBCSQL-like query language, no joins
APIs and other access methodsRDF 1.1 / SPARQL 1.1
TinkerPop Gremlin 3.3
GeoSPARQL
GraphQL
GraphQL Federation
Java API
JDBC
RDF4J API
RDFS
RIO
Sail API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL 1.1
Tinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languagesC#
Go
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C#
Clojure
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnowell-defined plugin interfaces; JavaScript server-side extensibilityJava, Javascript
TriggersnonoHooks
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenoneSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-availability zones high availability, asynchronous replication for up to 15 read replicasMulti-source replicationMulti-source replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono infocould be achieved with distributed queries
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency, Eventual consistency (configurable in cluster mode per master or individual client request)
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsyes infoConstraint checkingyes inforelationship in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infowith encyption-at-restyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)Default Basic authentication through RDF4J client, or via Java when run with cURL, default token-based in the Workbench or via Rest API, optional access through OpenID or Kerberos single sign-on.Access rights for users and roles; record level security configurable
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon NeptuneGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMOrientDB
Specific characteristicsGraphDB Enterprise is a high-performance semantic repository created by Ontotext....
» more
Competitive advantagesGraphDB allows you to link text and data in big knowledge graphs. It’s easy to experiment...
» more
Typical application scenariosMetadata enrichment and management, linked open data publishing, semantic inferencing...
» more
Key customersBBC, Press Association, Financial Times, DK, Euromoney, The British Museum, Getty...
» more
Market metricsGraphDB is the most utilized semantic triplestore for mission-critical enterprise...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGraphDB-Free is free to use. SE and Enterprise are licensed per CPU-Core used. Perpetual...
» more

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More resources
Amazon NeptuneGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMOrientDB
DB-Engines blog posts

Graph DBMS increased their popularity by 500% within the last 2 years
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Conferences and events

GraphDB 10 – An Effortless Journey From The Small Business To The Large Enterprise
5pm CEST, 14 July 2022 (finished)

Recent citations in the news

Amazon announces general availability of its Graph Database called Neptune
29 July 2022, Analytics India Magazine

How graph databases took over relationship mapping
19 July 2022, The Register

Amazon Neptune update: Machine learning, data science, and the future of graph databases
30 July 2021, ZDNet

Here’s how you can predict graphs accurately, quickly, and securely with Amazon Neptune
2 November 2021, YourStory

Catching up with Amazon Neptune
26 November 2019, ZDNet

provided by Google News

Ontotext Announces Latest Major Release, GraphDB 10
5 July 2022, Datanami

Ontotext's GraphDB 10 Brings Modern Data Architectures to the Mainstream with Better Resilience and Еаsier Operations
5 July 2022, PR Newswire

Ontotext Webinar - GraphDB as Company Data Central USA - English - USA - English
10 March 2022, PR Newswire

Ontotext Receives Growth Funding to Expand in the US, Strengthen its Leadership in the Knowledge Graph Market and Develop Industry-specific Offerings
30 May 2022, PR Newswire

Ontotext GraphDB 9.4 Enables SQL Access to Knowledge Graphs and Visual Mapping of Tabular Data to RDF
11 September 2020, PR Newswire

provided by Google News

Graph Database Market Future Forecasts Evaluated Based on Industry Player Investment Strategies – Shanghaiist
4 August 2022, Shanghaiist

Document Databases Software Market 2022: Comprehensive Study by Top Key Players MongoDB, Amazon, ArangoDB
21 July 2022, Digital Journal

Graph Database Market Size, Scope, Growth Opportunities, Trends by Manufacturers And Forecast to 2029 – Shanghaiist
1 August 2022, Shanghaiist

CallidusCloud Acquires Leading Multi-Model Database Technology
19 September 2017, GlobeNewswire

The 12 Best Graph Databases to Consider for 2022
22 December 2021, Solutions Review

provided by Google News

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