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DBMS > Amazon Neptune vs. GraphDB vs. Neo4j

System Properties Comparison Amazon Neptune vs. GraphDB vs. Neo4j

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Neptune  Xexclude from comparisonGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIM  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFast, reliable graph database built for the cloudEnterprise-ready RDF and graph database with efficient reasoning, cluster and external index synchronization support. It supports also SQL JDBC access to Knowledge Graph and GraphQL over SPARQL.Scalable, ACID-compliant graph database designed with a high-performance distributed cluster architecture, available in self-hosted and cloud offerings
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Graph DBMS
RDF store
Graph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.19
Rank#102  Overall
#6  Graph DBMS
#3  RDF stores
Score2.52
Rank#116  Overall
#8  Graph DBMS
#5  RDF stores
Score59.48
Rank#19  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­neptunewww.ontotext.comneo4j.com
Technical documentationaws.amazon.com/­neptune/­developer-resourcesgraphdb.ontotext.com/­documentationneo4j.com/­docs
Social network pagesLinkedInTwitterYouTubeGitHubMedium
DeveloperAmazonOntotextNeo4j, Inc.
Initial release201720002007
Current release9.8, June 20214.4.11, September 2022
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial infoSome plugins of GraphDB Workbench are open sourcedOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Neo4j Aura: Neo4j’s fully managed cloud service: The zero-admin, always-on graph database for cloud developers.
Implementation languageJavaJava, Scala
Server operating systemshostedAll OS with a Java VM
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support; RDF shapesschema-free and schema-optional
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesnoyes, supports real-time synchronization and indexing in SOLR/Elastic search/Lucene and GeoSPARQL geometry data indexesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Lucene
SQL infoSupport of SQLnostored SPARQL accessed as SQL using Apache Calcite through JDBC/ODBCno
APIs and other access methodsRDF 1.1 / SPARQL 1.1
TinkerPop Gremlin 3.3
GeoSPARQL
GraphQL
GraphQL Federation
Java API
JDBC
RDF4J API
RDFS
RIO
Sail API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL 1.1
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languagesC#
Go
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C#
Clojure
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnowell-defined plugin interfaces; JavaScript server-side extensibilityyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functions
Triggersnonoyes infovia event handler
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenoneyes using Neo4j Fabric
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-availability zones high availability, asynchronous replication for up to 15 read replicasMulti-source replicationCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version only
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency, Eventual consistency (configurable in cluster mode per master or individual client request)Causal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsyes infoConstraint checkingyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infowith encyption-at-restyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)Default Basic authentication through RDF4J client, or via Java when run with cURL, default token-based in the Workbench or via Rest API, optional access through OpenID or Kerberos single sign-on.Users, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon NeptuneGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMNeo4j
Specific characteristicsGraphDB Enterprise is a high-performance semantic repository created by Ontotext....
» more
Neo4j delivers graph technology that has been battle tested for performance and scale...
» more
Competitive advantagesGraphDB allows you to link text and data in big knowledge graphs. It’s easy to experiment...
» more
Neo4j is the market leader, graph database category creator, and the most widely...
» more
Typical application scenariosMetadata enrichment and management, linked open data publishing, semantic inferencing...
» more
Real-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersBBC, Press Association, Financial Times, DK, Euromoney, The British Museum, Getty...
» more
Over 800 commercial customers and over 4300 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsGraphDB is the most utilized semantic triplestore for mission-critical enterprise...
» more
Neo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than 140 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGraphDB-Free is free to use. SE and Enterprise are licensed per CPU-Core used. Perpetual...
» more
GPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
News

This Week in Neo4j: Cypher Queries, IKEA Knowledge Graph, Linkedln Course, and More
26 September 2022

A Machine Learning Innovation in Predictive Analytics
23 September 2022

Graphs for Business Transformation: The 5-Minute Interview With Trinette Brownhill
22 September 2022

This Week in Neo4j: NFTs, Extension for Liquibase, Visualizations in Jupyter, CSV Mapping Editor, and More
17 September 2022

The Customer Journey Is a Graph
13 September 2022

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesGraphable delivers expert services for Neo4j and other Graph DBMS.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Amazon NeptuneGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMNeo4j
DB-Engines blog posts

Applying Graph Analytics to Game of Thrones
12 June 2019, Amy Hodler & Mark Needham, Neo4j (guest author)

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

The openCypher Project: Help Shape the SQL for Graphs
22 December 2015, Emil Eifrem (guest author)

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Conferences and events

Neo4j Nodes 2022
Online Conference, 16-17 November 2022

Recent citations in the news

Microsoft Dataverse, scikit-learn Pipeline Tutorial, NLP Bundle.
23 September 2022, Packt Hub

Amazon announces general availability of its Graph Database called Neptune
29 July 2022, Analytics India Magazine

Amazon Neptune update: Machine learning, data science, and the future of graph databases
30 July 2021, ZDNet

Here’s how you can predict graphs accurately, quickly, and securely with Amazon Neptune
2 November 2021, YourStory

Catching up with Amazon Neptune
26 November 2019, ZDNet

provided by Google News

Ontotext Releases Metadata Studio for Complex Text Analysis
8 September 2022, Datanami

Ontotext Announces Latest Major Release, GraphDB 10
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Ontotext's GraphDB 10 Brings Modern Data Architectures to the Mainstream with Better Resilience and Еаsier Operations
5 July 2022, PR Newswire

The Right Data to the Right People at the Right Time
30 August 2022, Direct Relief

Ontotext Receives Growth Funding to Expand in the US, Strengthen its Leadership in the Knowledge Graph Market and Develop Industry-specific Offerings
30 May 2022, PR Newswire

provided by Google News

Leading Companies Leverage Graph-Powered Digital Twins to Manage Interconnected Complex Systems
21 September 2022, PR Newswire

Graph Databases Software Market Growth Analysis by Top Key Players: Neo4j, ArangoDB, SAP, Twitter – The Colby Echo News
28 September 2022, The Colby Echo News

How graph technology is making a dent in the database market
12 September 2022, ComputerWeekly.com

Alibaba Cloud pledges $1B to boost overseas alliance
22 September 2022, TechCrunch

Announcing Neo4j GraphSummit 2022
23 June 2022, PR Newswire

provided by Google News

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