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DBMS > Amazon Neptune vs. GraphDB vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB

System Properties Comparison Amazon Neptune vs. GraphDB vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Neptune  Xexclude from comparisonGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIM  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFast, reliable graph database built for the cloudEnterprise RDF and graph database with efficient reasoning, cluster and external index synchronization supportGlobally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database service
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Graph DBMS
RDF store
Document store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.64
Rank#130  Overall
#7  Graph DBMS
#4  RDF stores
Score1.14
Rank#149  Overall
#10  Graph DBMS
#5  RDF stores
Score29.94
Rank#24  Overall
#4  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­neptunegraphdb.ontotext.comazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-db
Technical documentationaws.amazon.com/­neptune/­developer-resourcesgraphdb.ontotext.com/­documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­cosmos-db
DeveloperAmazonOntotextMicrosoft
Initial release201720002014
Current release8.8, January 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial infolimited edition freecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesno infoNamed S4, Ontotext provides a semantic graph database based on GraphDB in the cloud.yes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJava
Server operating systemshostedAll OS with a Java VM
Linux
OS X
Windows
hosted
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema supportschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infoJSON types
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesnoyes, supports real-time synchronization and indexing in SOLR/Elastic search/Lucene and GeoSPARQL geometry data indexesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by default
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSPARQL is used as query languageSQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsRDF 1.1 / SPARQL 1.1
TinkerPop Gremlin 3.3
GeoSPARQL
Java API
RDF4J API
RIO
Sail API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL 1.1
DocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
Supported programming languagesC#
Go
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C#
Clojure
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoJava Server PluginJavaScript
TriggersnonoJavaScript
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenoneSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-availability zones high availability, asynchronous replication for up to 15 read replicasMaster-master replicationyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonowith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency, Eventual consistency (configurable in cluster mode per master or individual client request)Bounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Session Consistency
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsyes infoConstraint checkingno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partition
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infowith encyption-at-restyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)yesAccess rights can be defined down to the item level
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon NeptuneGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB
Specific characteristicsGraphDB Enterprise is a high-performance semantic repository created by Ontotext....
» more
Competitive advantagesGraphDB allows you to link text and data in big knowledge graphs. It’s easy to experiment...
» more
Typical application scenariosMetadata enrichment and management, linked open data publishing, semantic inferencing...
» more
Key customersBBC, Press Association, Financial Times, DK, Euromoney, The British Museum, Getty...
» more
Market metricsGraphDB is the most utilized semantic triplestore for mission-critical enterprise...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGraphDB-Free is free to use. SE and Enterprise are licensed per CPU-Core used. Perpetual...
» more
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We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
Amazon NeptuneGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB
Recent citations in the news

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