DB-EnginesExtremeDB: the mission critical dbmsEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Amazon Neptune vs. Google Cloud Spanner vs. TinkerGraph

System Properties Comparison Amazon Neptune vs. Google Cloud Spanner vs. TinkerGraph

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Neptune  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Spanner  Xexclude from comparisonTinkerGraph  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFast, reliable graph database built for the cloudA horizontally scalable, globally consistent, relational database service. It is the externalization of the core Google database that runs the biggest aspects of Google, like Ads and Google Play.A lightweight, in-memory graph engine that serves as a reference implementation of the TinkerPop3 API
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMSGraph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.40
Rank#103  Overall
#6  Graph DBMS
#4  RDF stores
Score4.49
Rank#88  Overall
#45  Relational DBMS
Score0.39
Rank#277  Overall
#22  Graph DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­neptunecloud.google.com/­spannertinkerpop.apache.org/­docs/­current/­reference/­#tinkergraph-gremlin
Technical documentationaws.amazon.com/­neptune/­developer-resourcescloud.google.com/­spanner/­docs
DeveloperAmazonGoogle
Initial release201720172009
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJava
Server operating systemshostedhosted
Data schemeschema-freeyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesnoyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infoQuery statements complying to ANSI 2011no
APIs and other access methodsRDF 1.1 / SPARQL 1.1
TinkerPop Gremlin 3.3
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
JDBC infoAt present, JDBC supports read-only queries. No support for DDL or DML statements.
RESTful HTTP API
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languagesC#
Go
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Groovy
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonono
Triggersnonono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-availability zones high availability, asynchronous replication for up to 15 read replicasMulti-source replication with 3 replicas for regional instances.none
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflowno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistencynone
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsyes infoby using interleaved tables, this features focuses more on performance improvements than on referential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infoStrict serializable isolationno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesno
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infowith encyption-at-restyesoptional
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)Access rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)no

More information provided by the system vendor

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Amazon NeptuneGoogle Cloud SpannerTinkerGraph
Recent citations in the news

Amazon announces general availability of its Graph Database called Neptune
29 July 2022, Analytics India Magazine

Amazon Neptune update: Machine learning, data science, and the future of graph databases
30 July 2021, ZDNet

Here’s how you can predict graphs accurately, quickly, and securely with Amazon Neptune
2 November 2021, YourStory

AWS releases Amazon Neptune to help health organizations build apps
1 June 2018, Healthcare IT News

Catching up with Amazon Neptune | ZDNET
26 November 2019, ZDNet

provided by Google News

Google Cloud Spanner Introduces Free Trial Instances and Fine-Grained Access Control
24 September 2022, InfoQ.com

Google rolls out cloud database innovations, including free trial instances for Spanner
15 September 2022, SiliconANGLE News

Google Cloud expands its cybersecurity and automation capabilities
30 September 2022, SiliconANGLE News

PostgreSQL Interface for Cloud Spanner Now Generally Available
7 July 2022, InfoQ.com

Google Cloud Spanner Gets Change Streams
6 April 2022, Datanami

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Amazon Neptune - Software Dev Engineer
Amazon Web Services, Inc., Sunnyvale, CA

Amazon Neptune - Software Dev Engineer
Amazon Web Services, Inc., Bellevue, WA

Amazon Neptune - Core Engine Development, Amazon Neptune
Amazon Dev Center U.S., Inc., Bellevue, WA

Applied Scientist Graph Query Planning and Optimization, Amazon Neptune
Amazon Dev Center U.S., Inc., Seattle, WA

Software Development Engineer - Storage and Performance, Amazon Neptune (AWS)
Amazon Dev Center U.S., Inc., East Palo Alto, CA

Cloud Relational Database Engineer
Ford Motor Company, Dearborn, MI

Public Cloud Services Engineer
Citi, New York, NY

Automation QA Engineer
NR Consulting LLC, Parsippany, NJ

Software Engineer, Cloud - Front-End
YugabyteDB, United States

Google cloud architect
Tekshapers Software Solutions Pvt Ltd, Raritan, NJ

jobs by Indeed



Share this page

Featured Products

Redis logo

The world’s most loved real‑time data platform.
Try free

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download

Neo4j logo

Neo4j NODES 2022
Free online conference for developers and data scientists.
November 16/17 2022.
Register now for free!

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 80GB free.

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Present your product here