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DBMS > Amazon Neptune vs. Google Cloud Spanner vs. Neo4j

System Properties Comparison Amazon Neptune vs. Google Cloud Spanner vs. Neo4j

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Neptune  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Spanner  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFast, reliable graph database built for the cloudA horizontally scalable, globally consistent, relational database service. It is the externalization of the core Google database that runs the biggest aspects of Google, like Ads and Google Play.Open source graph database
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMSGraph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.94
Rank#118  Overall
#8  Graph DBMS
#5  RDF stores
Score2.81
Rank#95  Overall
#49  Relational DBMS
Score52.23
Rank#19  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­neptunecloud.google.com/­spannerneo4j.com
Technical documentationaws.amazon.com/­neptune/­developer-resourcescloud.google.com/­spanner/­docsneo4j.com/­docs
DeveloperAmazonGoogleNeo4j, Inc.
Initial release201720172007
Current release4.2.6, May 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Neo4j Aura: Neo4j’s fully managed cloud service: The zero-admin, always-on graph database for cloud developers.
Implementation languageJava, Scala
Server operating systemshostedhostedLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesschema-free and schema-optional
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesnoyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Lucene
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infoQuery statements complying to ANSI 2011no
APIs and other access methodsRDF 1.1 / SPARQL 1.1
TinkerPop Gremlin 3.3
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
JDBC infoAt present, JDBC supports read-only queries. No support for DDL or DML statements.
RESTful HTTP API
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languagesC#
Go
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonoyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functions
Triggersnonoyes infovia event handler
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingyes using Neo4j Fabric
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-availability zones high availability, asynchronous replication for up to 15 read replicasMulti-source replication with 3 replicas for regional instances.Causal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version only
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflowno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsyes infoby using interleaved tables, this features focuses more on performance improvements than on referential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infoStrict serializable isolationACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infowith encyption-at-restyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)Access rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)Users, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon NeptuneGoogle Cloud SpannerNeo4j
Specific characteristicsNeo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
Competitive advantagesNeo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersOver 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
News

Celebrating Asian American and Pacific Islander Heritage Month at Neo4j
13 May 2021

Top 5 Graph Analytics Takeaways from Gartner’s Data & Analytics Summit
11 May 2021

Advantages of Neo4j Aura Enterprise: Cost-Effective and Future-Proof
10 May 2021

This Week in Neo4j – Neo4j Streams, Event Processing, Py2Neo, News as Knowledge Graphs
8 May 2021

Intelligent Content Curation: 5-Minute Interview with Tourism Media’s Terry Franklin
7 May 2021

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesGraphable delivers expert services for Neo4j and other Graph DBMS.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Amazon NeptuneGoogle Cloud SpannerNeo4j
DB-Engines blog posts

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Conferences and events

Graph-Centered AppDev Series, What's wrong with your application?
Webinar, Episode 1 [REPLAY], 6 April 2021 - 6 July 2021

Recent citations in the news

Dgraph GraphQL database users detail graph use cases
20 April 2021, TechTarget

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7 May 2021, ZDNet

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20 April 2021, TechTarget

Catching up with Amazon Neptune
26 November 2019, ZDNet

Amazon unveils dozens of machine learning tools
9 December 2020, TechRepublic

provided by Google News

Google upgrades Cloud Spanner's encryption capabilities
22 April 2021, SiliconANGLE News

Google Cloud and Workspace get new batch of cybersecurity features
28 April 2021, SiliconANGLE News

Google launches a new Cloud region in Warsaw
15 April 2021, VanillaPlus

Google launches new Cloud region in Warsaw
14 April 2021, Information Age

Ready to be a GCP architect? Try this quiz and see - TechTarget
16 April 2021, TechTarget

provided by Google News

World's Leading Companies Use Neo4j to Enhance Cybersecurity
12 May 2021, PRNewswire

Federos Integrates Neo4j to Deliver Universal Topology with
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Neo4j: Why Graph Technology Is the Key to Fraud Detection
16 April 2021, The Fintech Times

Neo4j's Graphs 4 COVID-19 Initiative Honored Twice in Fast Company's 2021 World Changing Ideas
5 May 2021, PRNewswire

GPU Database Market Size and Growth Rate 2021 | Kinetica, OmniSci, SQream, Neo4j, NVIDIA, Brytlyt, Blazegraph, BlazingDB, Zilliz, and Jedox. Moreover – Brockville Observer
13 May 2021, Brockville Observer

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

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Software Dev Engineer - Amazon Neptune Platform
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