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DBMS > Amazon Neptune vs. Google Cloud Spanner vs. JaguarDB

System Properties Comparison Amazon Neptune vs. Google Cloud Spanner vs. JaguarDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Neptune  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Spanner  Xexclude from comparisonJaguarDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFast, reliable graph database built for the cloudA horizontally scalable, globally consistent, relational database service. It is the externalization of the core Google database that runs the biggest aspects of Google, like Ads and Google Play.Performant, highly scalable DBMS for AI and IoT applications
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMSKey-value store
Vector DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.14
Rank#115  Overall
#9  Graph DBMS
#5  RDF stores
Score2.77
Rank#100  Overall
#51  Relational DBMS
Score0.00
Rank#378  Overall
#59  Key-value stores
#15  Vector DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­neptunecloud.google.com/­spannerwww.jaguardb.com
Technical documentationaws.amazon.com/­neptune/­developer-resourcescloud.google.com/­spanner/­docswww.jaguardb.com/­support.html
DeveloperAmazonGoogleDataJaguar, Inc.
Initial release201720172015
Current release3.3 July 2023
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoGPL V3.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC++ infothe server part. Clients available in other languages
Server operating systemshostedhostedLinux
Data schemeschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infoQuery statements complying to ANSI 2011A subset of ANSI SQL is implemented infobut no views, foreign keys, triggers
APIs and other access methodsOpenCypher
RDF 1.1 / SPARQL 1.1
TinkerPop Gremlin
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
JDBC infoAt present, JDBC supports read-only queries. No support for DDL or DML statements.
RESTful HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC#
Go
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonono
Triggersnonono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-availability zones high availability, asynchronous replication for up to 15 read replicas within a single region. Global database clusters consists of a primary write DB cluster in one region, and up to five secondary read DB clusters in different regions. Each secondary region can have up to 16 reader instances.Multi-source replication with 3 replicas for regional instances.Multi-source replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflowno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsyes infoby using interleaved tables, this features focuses more on performance improvements than on referential integrityno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infoStrict serializable isolationno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infowith encyption-at-restyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)Access rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)rights management via user accounts

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More resources
Amazon NeptuneGoogle Cloud SpannerJaguarDB
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