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DBMS > Amazon Neptune vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. MariaDB vs. NSDb

System Properties Comparison Amazon Neptune vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. MariaDB vs. NSDb

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Neptune  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Bigtable  Xexclude from comparisonMariaDB  Xexclude from comparisonNSDb  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFast, reliable graph database built for the cloudGoogle's NoSQL Big Data database service. It's the same database that powers many core Google services, including Search, Analytics, Maps, and Gmail.MySQL application compatible open source RDBMS, enhanced with high availability, security, interoperability and performance capabilities. MariaDB ColumnStore provides a column-oriented storage engine and MariaDB Xpand supports distributed SQL.Scalable, High-performance Time Series DBMS designed for Real-time Analytics on top of Kubernetes
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Wide column storeRelational DBMSTime Series DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith OQGraph storage engine
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.56
Rank#109  Overall
#7  Graph DBMS
#5  RDF stores
Score3.63
Rank#91  Overall
#8  Wide column stores
Score104.36
Rank#12  Overall
#8  Relational DBMS
Score0.00
Rank#360  Overall
#37  Time Series DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­neptunecloud.google.com/­bigtablemariadb.com infoSite of MariaDB Corporation
mariadb.org infoSite of MariaDB Foundation
nsdb.io
Technical documentationaws.amazon.com/­neptune/­developer-resourcescloud.google.com/­bigtable/­docsmariadb.com/­kb/­en/­librarynsdb.io/­Architecture
DeveloperAmazonGoogleMariaDB Corporation Ab (MariaDB Enterprise),
MariaDB Foundation (community MariaDB Server) infoThe lead developer Monty Widenius is the original author of MySQL
Initial release2017201520092017
Current release10.6.5, November 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoGPL version 2, commercial enterprise subscription availableOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
SkySQL (The Ultimate MariaDB Cloud): The first and only DBaaS to bring the full power of MariaDB Platform to the cloud, combining powerful enterprise features and world-class support with unrivaled ease of use and groundbreaking innovation.
Implementation languageC and C++Java, Scala
Server operating systemshostedhostedFreeBSD
Linux
Solaris
Windows infoColumnStore storage engine not available on Windows
Linux
macOS
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyes infoDynamic columns are supported
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyesyes: int, bigint, decimal, string
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyesno
Secondary indexesnonoyesall fields are automatically indexed
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoyes infowith proprietary extensionsSQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsRDF 1.1 / SPARQL 1.1
TinkerPop Gremlin 3.3
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HappyBase (Python library)
HBase compatible API (Java)
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
gRPC
HTTP REST
WebSocket
Supported programming languagesC#
Go
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Java
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonoyes infoPL/SQL compatibility added with version 10.3no
Triggersnonoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingseveral options for horizontal partitioning and ShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-availability zones high availability, asynchronous replication for up to 15 read replicasInternal replication in Colossus, and regional replication between two clusters in different zonesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate consistency (for a single cluster), Eventual consistency (for two or more replicated clusters)Immediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsnoyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDAtomic single-row operationsACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infowith encyption-at-restyesyes infonot for in-memory storage engineUsing Apache Lucene
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infowith MEMORY storage engine
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)Access rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon NeptuneGoogle Cloud BigtableMariaDBNSDb
Specific characteristicsMariaDB is the most powerful open source relational database – modern SQL and JSON...
» more
Competitive advantagesMariaDB has many features unavailable in other open source relational databases....
» more
Typical application scenariosWeb, SaaS and Cloud operational/transactional applications that require high availability,...
» more
Key customersDeutsche Bank, DBS Bank, Nasdaq, Red Hat, ServiceNow, Verizon and Walgreens Featured...
» more
Market metricsMariaDB is the default database in the LAMP stack supplied by Red Hat and SUSE Linux,...
» more

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More resources
Amazon NeptuneGoogle Cloud BigtableMariaDBNSDb
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